IBS Newsletter

July/August 2001


Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado


Kudos

The Universities’ Council on Water Resources (UCOWR) has honored Charles W. Howe (Environment and Behavior Program/Economics) with the “Friend of UCOWR” award with the following statement: “UCOWR and the entire water community have benefited from your guidance and encouragement. Your steadfast support has always made a difference. We are honored to add your name to our distinguished list of ‘Friends.’”

On June 5-8, Jacquelyn Monday (professional research assistant, Natural Hazards Center in charge of the “Sustainable Disaster Recovery” project) attended the Association of State Floodplain Managers (ASFPM) annual conference in Charlotte, North Carolina. She was presented with the ASFPM’s “Goddard-White” award—the association's highest honor presented to an individual—for her outstanding contributions to the field of floodplain management for more than two decades. The award is named in honor of Gilbert White and Jim Goddard. Goddard (now deceased) was with the Tennessee Valley Authority for most of his career and was a pioneer in implementing many of the ideas recommended by White in his dissertation which changed the way we think about dealing with floods and other natural resource management issues.


Institute News

Changing of the guard/Passing of the torch

We are happy to announce that, as of July 1, Jane A. Menken is the new Director of the Institute. Our former Director, Richard Jessor, will be devoting his time at IBS solely to research. We wish them both well!

Steve Graham has accepted the position as the Institute’s Administrator and will start part time on July 9 working with Mary Axe to ensure a smooth transition He will begin working full-time on August 6. Welcome aboard, Steve! And to Mary we wish a fond farewell and happy retirement!

Jani S. Little, who has been a statistical and data analysis resource person at the Social Science Data Analysis Center for over 20 years, has been appointed as the new Director of SSDAC. (See the May issue of the IBS Newsletter for her vision of where the center is headed). IBS is fortunate to have her stepping up to this position!


Program Activities

Environment and Behavior Program

Charles W. Howe chaired the final meeting of the National Research Council’s Committee on the Privatization of Urban Water Services in the United States. The Committee is made up of experts on the technologies, economics, and financing of water supply and wastewater services. The Committee’s report will summarize the factors causing rapid change in the water services industry and will provide municipal authorities with background and guidance on the factors that should be considered when some level of privatization is being considered. The report will soon go to a formal review board. Publication is anticipated early next year.

In Print

Hunter, Lori M. 2001. “Using Social Science to Inform Solid Waste Management Decision Making: A Recycling Survey and Focus Groups.” Journal of Applied Sociology, 18(1), pp. 112-130. This paper outlines an applied social science research project undertaken by Sociologists at Utah State University on behalf of the Environmental Health Department of the City of Logan, Utah. The project was designed to provide insight into public interest in waste reduction alternatives, particularly recycling, as local policymakers began to consider various alternatives to the local management of solid waste. A random survey of county residents revealed high levels of interest in recycling and other methods of household trash reduction. Several focus groups suggested that promising avenues for future environmental education campaigns include the “how-to’s” of preparing materials for recycling, of reducing junk mail, and programs aimed at increasing consumers’ awareness of product packaging. The results of the social research received substantial newspaper and radio coverage, were presented to both the city and county councils, and served to inform the development of increased recycling opportunities available to county residents.

Natural Hazards Center

Mary Fran Myers and Jacquelyn Monday attended the Association of State Floodplain Managers annual conference in Charlotte, North Carolina, on June 5-8.

Alice Fothergill (former graduate research assistant) defended her dissertation “with distinction”(i.e., no revisions needed) and has accepted a position at the University of Akron as an assistant professor in sociology, starting this fall.

On June 18-19, Mary Fran Myers was one of two dozen people invited to participate in the “Workshop on Risk-Benefit Assessment of Observing System Decision Alternatives” sponsored by the National Center for Atmospheric Research’s Environmental and Societal Impacts Group with sponsorship from National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The workshop was designed to provide NASA with a comprehensive assessment of the risks and benefits associated with the decision alternatives the agency faces in regard to decommissioning (or not) its Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission satellite.

Problem Behavior Program

Angela D. Bryan attended the Research Society on Alcoholism in Montreal on June 25. She presented the following poster: “Risky sexual behavior and alcohol use among adolescents on probation” (co-authored with R.N. Robbins and C.A. Rocheleau). Due to high rates of unprotected intercourse with multiple partners, adolescents involved in the criminal justice system are at great risk for sexually transmitted diseases including the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (Centers for Disease Control, 2000; Whaley, 1999). Alcohol use is commonly cited as a cause of high levels of risky sexual behavior in this group (e.g., Morris et al.,

1998), due to extremely high levels of both alcohol use and risky sexual behavior. The current study examines the relationships of key psychosocial predictors to intentions to engage in condom use, and asks whether the relationships among these variables differ for adolescents who use alcohol frequently. The sample consists of 173 adolescents on probation (77% male, 23% female) who range in age from 12 to 17 years old (M=15.5, sd=1.37). Participants are 36% Hispanic, 32% Caucasian, 25% African American, 6% Native American, and 1% Asian. Results indicate that participants who use alcohol frequently or who have high levels of alcohol problems are more likely to have used alcohol at most recent sexual intercourse and are less likely to have used condoms at most recent intercourse. Our prior research (Bryan, Aiken, and West, 2000) results suggest that for young people who use alcohol frequently, and are likely to have sex in conjunction with alcohol use, self-efficacy for condom use is a particularly important predictor of intentions to use condoms, and should be specifically targeted for STD/HIV risk reduction intervention with this population.

Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence

On June 13, Delbert S. Elliott gave the keynote presentation, “Youth Violence: How Real? How Sensationalized? Whose Responsibility?” at the Kentucky Bar Association annual convention in Lexington, Kentucky. On June 27, in Albany, New York, he gave the keynote presentation at the New York State Office of Children and Family Services conference—The Older Adolescent at Risk: An Examination of Community-Based Best Practices. His presentation was entitled: “Evolution of Community-Based ‘Best Practices’ Programs.”

Dorian Wilson and Beverly Kingston presented “The Use of Surveying to Assess School Culture” at the Colorado School Mediation Project’s annual Violence Prevention in the Schools and Communities conference. The conference took place at Arapahoe Community College in Littleton on June 18-19. Landa Heys hosted a CSPV and Safe Communities—Safe Schools exhibit.

Sharon Mihalic conducted a plenary session on “Translating Research into Action—Focusing on Evidence-Based Practices” on June 4 for the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Mental Health Services, Coalitions for Prevention National Grantee meeting. On June 13, she presented “Blueprints for Violence Prevention” at the Child Welfare League National conference on Research in Child Welfare in Denver.

In Print

Menard, Scott, Sharon Mihalic, and David Huizinga. 2001. “Drugs and Crime Revisited.” Justice Quarterly, 18(2), pp. 269-299. In this article the drugs-crime relationship is investigated, building on previous research by Huizinga, Menard, Elliott, Goldstein, and his colleagues. The previous research is extended by examining the relationship between drugs and crime at different stages of the life course, adolescence, and early adulthood; by extending the age range used in previous research by Huizinga et al.; and by examining the impact of adolescent substance use and illegal behavior on adult substance use and illegal behavior. The results are consistent with past research in finding that (1) for initiation, the “drug use causes crime” hypothesis is untenable, since crime is typically initiated prior to substance use, (2) more serious forms of crime and substance use are usually initiated after, and rarely in the absence of, minor forms of the same behaviors, and (3) once they are initiated, crime and substance use appear to increase the likelihood of continuity or, equivalently, to reduce the likelihood of suspension of one another. Going beyond results from prior research, it also appears that (4) crime and drug use are more closely related in adolescence than in adulthood, and also that (5) examination of the transition from adolescence to adulthood suggests that the most plausible conclusion about the drugs-crime relation is that they are related by mutual causation, with crime affecting drug use and drug use affecting crime.

Menard, Scott and David Huizinga. 2001. “Repeat Victimization in a High-Risk Neighborhood Sample of Adolescents.” Youth and Society, 32(4), pp. 447-472. Repeat victimization may involve multiple incidents of victimization in a single year, multiple years of victimization, or both. The present study examines both types of repeat victimization, as well as the concentration of victimization among a relatively few high-frequency victims and the intermittency of victimization in a sample of adolescents in high-risk neighborhoods. Over a five-year period, the results indicate that chronic, multiple, intermittent victimization is the usual pattern among the respondents in the sample.


Funding Information

A recently discovered website may be of interest to those seeking forms and/or information about up-to-date funding opportunities. TRAM is a service initially developed by the Texas Research Administrators Group (TRAM). It contains a search engine for locating funding opportunities from many different agencies. The funding information is updated daily. TRAM also contains a set of grant application forms collected from various sources, as well as standard agreements for subcontracts, non-disclosures, licenses, and links to other servers related to research funding and administration. For more information see http://tram.east.asu.edu/forms/.


BITS and BYTES from SSDAC

Social Science Data Analysis Center

New Computer Lab: The main room of SSDAC is being converted to a new statistical computing and GIS laboratory. It will be equipped with 7 PCs with Ethernet access to the Web, a high-resolution color printer, scanning and digitizing capabilities, and display projection devices. The lab is designed for workshops and seminars, but it will be available for use by IBS personnel at all other times. Initially, the software available on the lab computers will include Windows 98, Excel, Word, PowerPoint, Access, ArcView, SPSS, Stata, and SpaceStat. We expect to have the lab fully operational before the beginning of the Fall semester and to progressively add more software as the budget permits.

Orientation Sessions: Two SSDAC orientations are scheduled for the beginning of the Fall semester. These are intended to help incoming students and all other IBS personnel become acquainted with SSDAC staff, equipment, services, and policies. Scheduled sessions are Thursday August 30 and Wednesday September 5 from 3-5 pm. To attend, send e-mail to jani.little@colorado.edu specifying which session you would like to attend.


In Focus

Population Aging Center

The National Institute on Aging (NIA) has recently awarded P30 Center funding to establish a Population Aging Center (PAC) within the Program on Population Processes. Jane Menken is the Director of this new Center. NIA has committed approximately $870,000 over four years. Menken, Director of IBS and Professor of Sociology, is a Faculty Associate at the Program on Population Processes.

PAC emphasizes research in sub-Saharan Africa and aims to:

Jane Menken (Director of IBS and Professor of Sociology) is a Faculty Associate at the Program on Population Processes.

1) advance understanding of the social and biological influences on health and aging in disadvantaged populations, both nationally and internationally;

2) advance understanding of the social and economic position of the aging in light of differential migration and spatial redistribution; and

3) create an effective infrastructure to achieve these aims through interdisciplinary, collaborative research. The Center is attracting CU scholars previously unaffiliated with the Population Program, especially seeking out young investigators and expanding linkages with researchers at other institutions, within and outside the US.

Text Box: 
The needs are compelling: the HIV-induced dramatic drops 
in life expectancy are wiping out all the gains in health of the past 
half-century.To fund PAC, NIA competed for National Institutes of Health/NIA earmarked funds for HIV/AIDS research. The needs are compelling: the HIV-induced dramatic drops in life expectancy are wiping out all the gains in health of the past half-century. The need for good data to track the course of change in mortality, fertility, and population age structure and composition is urgent for understanding and for planning ways to combat the spread and impact of the disease. It is critical to assess the impact on the non-infected as well, so that interventions can be planned and implemented. Therefore, in its early stages, PAC is focusing on a set of issues that includes the effects of HIV/AIDS on elderly, children, and the family; the effects of migration on the elderly; better estimation of HIV incidence and prevalence; the impact of population pressure on livelihoods and lifestyles, and the impact of intervention programs. PAC also supports some work on disadvantaged populations in other regions.

Most PAC funding goes to pilot projects proposed by PAC associates and intended to test the feasibility of new research and develop projects for which external support will be sought. There will be biannual competitions for these grants; the first will be announced in July 2001.

In the NIA review, three pilot projects and a workshop were approved for current funding. Charles M. Becker is examining Economic Crisis and Adult Mortality in Developing Transition Countries (Kyrgyzstan and Kazakstan). Sam Clark and Jane Menken are carrying out An Investigation into the Impact of HIV on Human Population Dynamics with an Example from Africa and using data from the Gwembe-Tonga project in Zambia to examine the impact of HIV on the elderly. J. Terrence and Judith McCabe are studying Effects of Migration on AIDS-related Behavior and Roles of Elders among the Maasai. Clark and Menken plan a workshop in Africa with the INDEPTH (an International Network of field sites with continuous Demographic Evaluation of Populations and Their Health in developing countries) network of longitudinal studies on analysis of longitudinal health and demographic data.

Additional PAC associates include Michael Greenwood, James O. Huff, Tom Johnson, Robert F. McNown, Fred C. Pampel, Andrei Rogers, Richard G. Rogers, Rachel Silvey, and Douglas Sears. PAC is also a virtual center, with associates from RAND (Elizabeth Frankenberg, Duncan Thomas, Randall Kuhn), Harvard (M. Omar Rahman), and the Health Sciences Center (Carol Kaufman). Researchers at several African institutions will join them.


Research Proposals Funded

Problem Behavior Program

D. H. Huizinga Program of research on the causes and correlates of delinquency: A longitudinal multi-disciplinary study of developmental patterns
DOJ 10/01/01 – 09/30/02 supp

$88,751

D. S. Elliott

J. Grotpeter

Tony Grampsas youth services annual grantee report
St of Col 01/01/01 – 01/31/02 new

$22,054

Environment and Behavior Program

D. S. Mileti REU supplement to: A clearinghouse on natural hazards research and applications
NSF 05/01/01 – 09/30/01 supp

$12,000

Population Processes Program

R. M. Silvey POWRE: transnational identities: southeast Asian-Americans, gender and employment in Colorado
NSF 03/20/01 – 01/31/02 supp

$3,000

J. A. Menken Mellon African demography research and training program
AW Mellon Fdn 07/01/01 – 06/30/04 new

$300,000


Research Proposals Submitted

Problem Behavior Program

D. H. Huizinga Minimum age laws and alcohol use: A cross-national study
HHS 05/01/02 – 04/30/04 new

$269,918

The next issue of the IBS Newsletter will be September.


Have a wonderful Summer


Upcoming Colloquia

There is an online listing of upcoming and recent colloquia.


Institute of Behavioral Science

Jane Menken, Institute Director


IBS Newsletter

Julie Klauss and Sugandha Brooks, Co-editors
Richard L. Cook, Web Site Coordinator


Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado at Boulder
Boulder, CO 80309-0483

(303) 492-8147

IBS@Colorado.EDU