IBS Newsletter

April 2001


Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado


Kudos

Richard Jessor has received the prestigious Robert L. Stearns Award from the University of Colorado at Boulder Alumni Association. The Stearns Award is the highest recognition for members of the current CU Boulder faculty and staff. It honors exceptional achievement or service in any one, but usually a combination, of the following areas: outstanding teaching, extraordinary service to the University, exemplary work with students, significant research and/or off-campus service to the community. Our heartfelt congratulations to Jessor who will receive the award at the 71st Annual Awards Ceremony on May 8.


Program Activities

Environment and Behavior Program

Natural Hazards Center

In Print

Mileti, Dennis S. and Lori Peek-Gottschlich. 2001."Hazards and Sustainable Development." Risk Management, 3(1). It has become clear that natural and related technological hazards and disasters are not problems that can be solved in isolation. Rather, the occurrence of disaster is a symptom of broader and more basic problems. Hazard losses, and the fact that there seems to be an inability in the U.S. to reduce those losses, are the consequences of narrow and short-sighted development patterns, cultural premises, and attitudes toward the natural environment, science, and technology. A way is proposed for people and the U.S. to take responsibility for disaster losses and link hazard mitigation to sustainable development.

Problem Behavior Program

Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence

On March 15 and 20, Delbert S. Elliott attended the Colorado House Education Committee Hearing during which he testified on the Character Education Bill and on March 21 on the Bullying Bill. He attended the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Advisory Committee for Injury Prevention and Control and the CDC Science and Program Review Subcommittee meetings in Atlanta, Georgia on March 28.

On March 13, the first of four regional trainings for the Safe Communities--Safe Schools sites was held in Denver at The Colorado Trust. The trainings focused on strategic planning around the results of school safety assessments. Seven sites attended. William Woodward, former Director of the Colorado Division of Criminal Justice, led the training. On March 14, the second training was held in Colorado Springs in which two sites attended.

Diane Hansen attended conferences on March 15-16, sponsored by the DuPage County Juvenile Justice Council called "What Works in Juvenile Justice" in Bloomingdale and Naperville, Illinois. She presented "Exploring Effective Treatment Options."

Political and Economic Change Program

Keith E. Maskus attended The World Bank Symposium on Achieving Effective Intellectual Property Rights Reform in Developing Countries held at The World Bank, Washington, DC, on March 15. On March 16-17, he presented his paper (co-authored with James Markusen), "General Equilibrium Approaches to the Multinational Enterprise: A Review of Theory and Evidence," to the National Bureau of Economic Research at the Spring International Trade Meeting in Boston. In Denver, he gave a speech on "Why are there Protesters at WTO Meetings?" to the Denver League of Women Voters on March 19.

Maskus was interviewed on National Public Radio on March 7 about the legal and economic aspects of the U.S. lawsuit against Brazil at the World Trade Organization. The U.S. is suing Brazil for its decision to vacate patents on two AIDS drugs in order to produce them cheaply in Brazil. The position of the U.S. pharmaceutical companies is that this decision violates their rights under the intellectual property agreement at the World Trade Organization.

In Print

Yang, Guifang and Keith E. Maskus. February, 2001. "Intellectual Property Rights and Licensing in an Endogenous Product Cycle Model." Journal of International Economics, 53, pp. 169-187. The authors develop a dynamic general-equilibrium model of the product cycle to study the effects of stronger intellectual property rights (IPRs) in the South on the incentives of firms in the North to innovate and to license advanced technologies. Innovation and licensing are random processes requiring resources. Stronger IPRs increase the licensor's share of rents and reduce the costs of licensing contracts. Thus, the returns to both licensing and innovation would rise while additional resources would be available for research and development. Consequently, innovation and technology transfer would rise. However, the effectof stronger IPRs on relative wages between regions is ambiguous.

Population Processes Program

In Print

Huff, Anne Sigismund, James Oran Huff, and Pamela S. Barr. 2000. When Firms Change Direction. New York: Oxford University Press. 226 p.


BITS and BYTES from SSDAC

Social Science Data Analysis Center

ICPSR Summer Program

The Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) Summer Program in Quantitative Methods of Social Research offers a comprehensive, integrated program of studies in research design, statistics, data analysis, and social methodology. Basic methodological and technical training is offered, along with opportunities for advanced work in specialized areas. The program also provides active participatory data analytic experiences that complement formal lectures and discussions.

New workshops of possible interest to IBS researchers include Quantitative Analysis of Crime and Criminal Justice, Research on Minority Aging and Health, and Criminal Justice Data: Prisoner Reentry and Community Justice, all of which provide stipends for individuals who are admitted. Other courses or workshops range from introductory level presentations on topics such as computing and data analysis to more specialized topics such as "LISREL" Models: General Structural Equations, Maximum Likelihood Estimation for Generalized Linear Models, Hierarchical Linear Models: Advanced Topics, and Census 2000: Accessing and Utilizing Data Resources. Competitive workshop applications are due by April 23. For information about stipends to attend contact the SSDAC. For more detailed course descriptions and schedules see: http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/TRAINING/summer.html.

Color Laser Printer

The SSDAC has a new high resolution color HP LaserJet printer that can be used for producing transparencies or color copies as well as other advanced printing tasks such as printing multiple pages on a single sheet or printing an A4 formatted document on letter paper. The printer can also handle a variety of special media. Contact the SSDAC for instructions on accessing and using the printer.


In Focus

Studies of Decision Making in Complex Environments

James O. Huff is a Professor of Geography and a Faculty Research Associate in the Population Program of IBS. Prior to joining the CU faculty in 1990, he held faculty appointments at the University of Illinois and at the University of California, Los Angeles. He received his undergraduate degree in Mathematics from Dartmouth College in 1967 followed by an MA (1969) and a PhD (1973) in Geography from Northwestern University.

My research continues to focus on decision-making processes, particularly as they relate to our understanding of the changing racial and ethnic geographies of our cities. I remain convinced that the study of immigration, migration, and residential mobility at the household level can provide important insights into the population dynamics shaping our cities and the neighborhoods within them. Currently, I have a National Science Foundation grant (in collaboration with Jani S. Little) to study the effects of Mexican immigration on neighborhood change in 73 metropolitan areas of the southwestern United States. An important feature of the study is that household level migration and mobility data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics are linked to neighborhood and metropolitan level information pertaining to the household’s origin and destination. These data are amenable to multi-level modeling methods that capture interactions between metropolitan area characteristics and neighborhood or household characteristics as they affect migration and residential mobility decisions. The main findings of the research to date relate to the importance of housing supply characteristics at both the metropolitan and the neighborhood levels as factors which differentially affect Anglo, native born Mexican American, and Mexican immigrant relocation decisions. These findings then become the basis for neighborhood change models designed to predict the changing mix of Anglo and Mexican origin households across the 21,000 census tracts within the 73 metropolitan areas of the Southwest.

As noted above, I have been working on questions pertaining to decision making in complex and turbulent environments for quite some time. In addition to my continuing interest in migration and mobility decisions, I also have been working in collaboration with Anne Huff (Professor of Strategic Management at CU Boulder College of Business) on questions surrounding a firm’s decision to make major changes in current strategy. We have developed a cognitively anchored theory of strategic change, which focuses on the fundamental tension between organization stress and inertia as a key to understanding the strategic change process. Both stress and inertia are constructs rooted in a cognitive paradigm, and both are under-theorized in existing theories of strategic change. We have recently published a book, When Firms Change Direction (Oxford University Press, 2000), in which we develop these arguments in conjunction with models designed to predict the timing and the direction of major changes in strategy for individual firms within the pharmaceuticals industry over a thirty year period from 1965 to 1995. Aside from the intellectual satisfaction of completing a project that was begun before I came to CU, the project gave me much clearer insights into how to proceed both theoretically and methodologically when we suspect strong interdependencies between the context within which a decision is taken and decisions which contribute to subsequent changes in context. The pharmaceuticals study is also of intrinsic importance to those of us concerned with the strategic decisions of major corporations and the impacts of those decisions on the globalizing economy.

I remain convinced that the study of immigration, migration, and residential mobility at the household level can provide important insights into the population dynamics shaping our cities and the neighborhoods within them.


Research Proposals Funded

Problem Behavior Program

F.W. Dunford Determine the equivalency of two experimental samples
DOD, Navy 02/14/01 - 02/14/02 cont

$11,431.60


Research Proposals Submitted

Political and Economic Change Program

E.S. Greenberg The alcohol and health outcomes of work restructuring
HHS, NIAAA 05/01/01 - 04/30/05 renew

$1,430,211

W.J. Stone Competition, citizen involvement, and voter choice in house elections
Colby College 04/01/01 - 08/31/03 new

$67,850

Problem Behavior Program

A.D. Bryan Gender and HIV risk among adjudicated adolescents
HHS 09/01/01 - 08/31/05 new

$912,771

D.S. Elliott, S. Mihalic Blueprints for violence prevention
DOJ, OJP 05/01/01 - 04/30/04 new $4,072,805

K. Hutchinson, A.D. Bryan,

A. Smolen, J. Hewitt,

M. Stallings

Progression of craving and addiction: genetic factors

HHS 12/01/01 - 11/30/06

new $1,832,374

Environment and Behavior Program

D.S. Mileti REU supplement to: A clearinghouse on natural hazards research and applications
NSF 05/01/01 - 09/30/01 supp

$12,000

L.M. Hunter, S.K. Collinge, J.T. McCabe, T.R. Seastedt, D. Theobald Complex interactions between social and ecological systems in the Rocky Mountain West
NSF 05/01/01 - 04/30/06 new

$1,746,099

Population Processes Program

R.M. Silvey REU supplement to POWRE: Transnational identities: Southeast Asian-Americans, gender, and employment in Colorado
NSF 03/20/01 - 09/30/01 supp

$5,750


Upcoming Colloquia

There is an online listing of upcoming and recent colloquia.


Institute of Behavioral Science

Richard Jessor, Institute Director


IBS Newsletter

Julie Klauss and Sugandha Brooks, Co-editors
Richard L. Cook, Web Site Coordinator


Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado at Boulder
Boulder, CO 80309-0483

(303) 492-8147

IBS@Colorado.EDU