IBS Newsletter

March 2001


Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado


Program Activities

Problem Behavior Program

Richard Jessor made a presentation on Adolescent Health and Development at the United Nations, before delegations from all the UN countries, on January 30. The UN meeting was the Second Substantive Planning Meeting for the General Assembly Special Session on Children, to be held in September at UN Headquarters in New York. Jessor has been asked to continue working with UNESCO, the Secretariat for the Special Session, throughout the rest of the planning. His main role is to articulate the need for special attention to and programming for the adolescent life-stage, in contrast to that of children. On January 26, Jessor participated in a planning committee for a new National Academy Panel on "The Transition to Adulthood in Developing Countries," in Washington, DC, and on February 19-20, he was guest speaker at the Conference on Truth and Method: Challenging the Norms, held at Trinity College in Hartford, CT. Jessor's presentation, "Searching for Truth in Social Inquiry: Hard-Earned Lessons and New Perspectives," will appear in the volume from the conference proceedings.

In Print

Belknap, Joanne. 2001. The Invisible Woman: Gender, Crime, and Justice, 2nd Edition. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company. This book, which was first published in 1996, is an overview of the research on female offenders, victims, and workers in the criminal processing system.

Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence

On February 6, Delbert S. Elliott attended the first meeting of the new Colorado Medical Society Violence Prevention Task Force in Denver. On February 10, he had an interview with FOX News regarding violence in schools, and on February 12, he testified before the House Education Committee in Denver on "Character Education."

On February 22, Jane Grady, Jennifer Carroll, and Landa Heys attended a meeting of the Interagency Task Force to continue development of a Model Interagency Information Sharing Agreement. Representatives from various agencies including Colorado Attorney General's Office, Colorado Association of School Boards, and the Colorado Department of Human Services also attended.

Environment and Behavior Program

Natural Hazards Program

On January 24-25, Mary Fran Myers participated in NASA's first Program Planning and Assessment (PP&A) Panel meeting in Washington, DC. PP&A is a process through which NASA will conceive, plan, and formulate a user needs driven applications program. Panel members were divided in four theme areas: environmental management, resource management, community growth, and disaster management. On January 26, she participated in the National Research Council's (NRC) first "Natural Disaster Roundtable" in Washington, DC. Myers is a member of the NRC's roundtable steering committee. This first day-long event focused on the wildfire hazard. She moderated the concluding panel that featured all the day's speakers for an hour-long question and answer session with the audience. Myers participated in a focus group meeting on February 14 for the Public Entity Risk Institute (PERI)--a Washington, DC based organization with a mission to enhance risk management practices of public entities and small private and nonprofit organizations. The Natural Hazards Center was one of 12 organizations from around the nation invited to participate in this meeting designed to chart out a course of action for PERI in 2001 and beyond.

Population Processes Program

In Print

Rogers, Andrei and Raymer, James. 2001. "Immigration and the Regional Demographics of the Elderly Population in the United States." Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 56B(1), pp. S44-S55. This research examines the impacts of past international and interregional migration flows on regional elderly population growth and distribution patterns. The authors use 1960, 1970, 1980, and 1990 census data and multiregional demographic models to analyze changes in the sources of regional elderly population growth rates, age compositions, and spatial distributions over time. The results show that past elderly interregional migration patterns have exhibited considerable stability and have contributed less than aging-in-place in shaping regional elderly population geographies. The effects of immigration on elderly dependency ratios have been very modest. Little evidence exists of any significant breaks with past trends in internal elderly migration patterns. Reconstruction of elderly population changes between 1950 and 1990 reveals that the driving force behind the changes was net aging-in-place and not net migration. Analysis of the possible population rejuvenating effects of immigration suggests that although its impact has contributed to lower elderly-to-worker dependency ratios, its level over the past decades has been insufficient to counteract the much stronger countervailing impact of population aging.

Political and Economic Change Program

Elizabeth C. Dunn attended the Association of American Geographers meeting on February 27-March 3 in New York City. She presented her paper, "Privatized Spaces: Production, Consumption and the Individual in Postsocialist Poland." Postsocialist economic policy in Poland has hinged on privatization and globalization. In the provincial capital of Rzeszow, these policies have had significant impact on the urban landscape. In the domain of production, state-owned enterprises have been shut down or sold to multi-national corporations, workplaces have been reconfigured, and the spatial organization of production has been transformed. In the domain of consumption, new spaces ranging from unofficial bazaars to new shopping centers and a renovated "downtown" shopping district have opened, offering consumers the products of a global market. The paper emphasizes how changes in the physical spaces of the city--the workplace and the marketplace--are linked by the creation of a new kind of person.


BITS and BYTES from SSDAC

Social Science Data Analysis Center

The historic U.N. Data Base is now available. SSDAC has obtained the United Nations Demographic Supplement CD-ROM covering the years 1948 to 1997. The Demographic Yearbook is a comprehensive collection of international demographic statistics, prepared by the Statistics Division of the United Nations. The CD-ROM contains historical demographic statistics and presents time series of population size, age, sex and urban/rural residence, natality, mortality, and nuptiality, as well as selected derived measures concerning these components of population change for a 50-year period for 229 countries or areas. Contact the SSDAC for assistance in accessing the CD-ROM.

This is a reminder that as of July 1, 2001 we will no longer be able to access 9-track tapes or cartridges. For many years, this was the standard for data storage. Please review your records to determine if you have important data stored in this manner. If so, the process of transferring information from tape/cartridge to a modern medium needs to begin very soon. To initiate this process, please get in touch with Jani Little (Jani.Little@Colorado.EDU) or Richard Cook (Richard.Cook@Colorado.EDU).


In Focus

Changes in Eastern Europe: Their Effects in the Workplace

Elizabeth C. Dunn, Assistant Professor of Geography and International Affairs, recently joined the Professional Staff of IBS as a Faculty Research Associate in the Program on Political and Economic Change. Her main area of involvement is with the Globalization and Democracy graduate training program. She received her undergraduate degree in Anthropology and Chinese from the University of Rochester in 1991, an M.A. from the University of Chicago in 1993, and her Ph.D. from the Johns Hopkins University in 1998. In 1999-2000 she was a fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study (Wissenschaftskolleg) in Berlin, Germany. She joined the CU faculty last fall.

My work focuses on the dramatic changes in Eastern Europe over the last decade, looking particularly at economic change and changes in the workplace from the perspective of blue-collar workers. My book, The Fruits of Change: Privatization, Personhood and the Transformation of Work in Postsocialist Poland, looks at how shop-floor workers and administrative employees at Alima, a small state-owned baby food factory, experienced the end of socialism and the dawn of a market economy. As one of the first privatized enterprises in Poland, Alima was carried headlong into the global economy as it was first acquired by Gerber Products and then absorbed into Novartis, a Swiss pharmaceutical giant.

One of the central themes in my work is the idea that in order to make products for a capitalist market, firms have to shape people for a capitalist enterprise. In order to transform socialist enterprises into capitalist ones, firms engaged in a massive reworking of personhood among employees and consumers, much of which was carried out via new forms of advertising, marketing, and labor management. In the section of the research focusing on employee management, I looked not only at new production processes and forms of discipline, but new programs to determine job worth and employee performance. I also participated in several employee-training programs, including assertiveness training for managers and negotiation skills training for salespeople.

Like the campaigns to create the "new socialist man" of the 1950's, these programs are attempts to create the "new capitalist person." Employee management and development schemes are attempts to reconfigure workers as isolated social monads who are divorced from the vast networks of kin and acquaintances that sustained them under socialism. These persons-qua-social isolates are seen as internally partible, or as bundles of qualities which can be broken down, measured, worked on, and improved as a means of increasing the value of the person's labor. Yet, not all people are constituted as equally partible or malleable: how "new and improved" a person can become depends to a large extent on class. While managers were seen as flexible, young, active, and adaptable, blue-collar workers were often seen as old, static, passive, and incapable of adapting to the profound economic changes taking place. The emerging middle-class, then, was viewed as somehow inherently more fit for the capitalist economy and therefore naturally more valuable and worthy of higher pay. Blue-collar workers, on the other hand, were supposedly products of the socialist era, too enmeshed in webs of social relationships to adapt to the new capitalist order. In the book, I argue that the regulation of personhood in this fashion has a profound impact on Eastern Europe's increasingly class-stratified societies.

My new research, which is only in the beginning stages, also deals with regulation and work, but at a different scale. As some of the Eastern European countries prepare for integration into the European Union (EU), they are adopting EU regulations in a variety of industries. But what effects do these seemingly innocuous regulations really have on the organization of Eastern European economies? My upcoming fieldwork will look at the pork industry, where EU and World Trade Organization food safety regulations are making it impossible for small pork producers, most of whom are worker-peasants with only a few hogs, to sell pork on domestic or foreign markets. I will examine the relationship between food safety regulations and the influx of foreign capital (particularly Smithfield Hams, a large U.S. factory-farm producer) in an industry that produces approximately two million tons of meat per year.


Research Proposals Funded

Environment and Behavior Program

L.M. Hunter The demographic implications of hazardous facility development in rural America
USDA 01/01/00 - 02/14/03 new

$64,500


Research Proposals Submitted

Population Processes Program

R.M. Silvey REU supplement to: migration under crisis and recovery household safety nets in two regions of Indonesia
NSF 03/20/001 - 09/30/01 supp

$5,688

R.M. Silvey REU supplement to POWRE: transnational identities: Southeast Asian-Americans, gender, and employment in Colorado
NSF 03/20/01 - 09/30/01 supp

$5,750


Correction to January-February 2001 Newsletter:

Problem Behavior Program

R. Jessor

F. M.Costa

Tobacco and alcohol use in college: a CU developmental study

CU System Colorado

Tobacco Research Prog

07/01/01 - 06/30/04 new

$771,905 (instead of $77,906)


Upcoming Colloquia

There is an online listing of upcoming and recent colloquia.


Institute of Behavioral Science

Richard Jessor, Institute Director


IBS Newsletter

Julie Klauss and Sugandha Brooks, Co-editors
Richard L. Cook, Web Site Coordinator


Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado at Boulder
Boulder, CO 80309-0483

(303) 492-8147

IBS@Colorado.EDU