IBS Newsletter

December 2000


Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado


National Medal of Science

Gilbert F. White, Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Geography and former Director of IBS, has won the National Medal of Science for 2000. He is one of 12 scientists nationwide selected to receive this prestigious award, the nation's highest scientific honor, this year. White was cited for his outstanding leadership and scientific contributions to geography and environmental sciences and for helping shape the nation's policies on flood plains, water use, and natural disasters for more than five decades. Besides being known as the "father of flood-plain management, "he has made major contributions to the study of water systems in developing countries, global environmental change, international cooperation, nuclear winter, geography education, and the mitigation of natural hazards including earthquakes, hurricanes, and drought.

"Professor White is richly deserving of this honor," said Chancellor Richard L. Byyny. "He exemplifies the creativity and commitment to advancement of knowledge that makes our university great."

President Clinton presented the National Medal of Science to White and the other recipients at a December 1 awards dinner in Washington, DC.


PROGRAM ACTIVITIES

Population Processes Program

Richard G. Rogers participated in the National Institutes of Health (NIH) International Studies on Health and Economic Development Grant Review Committee on November 9 in Washington, DC, and in the NIH National Institutes on Aging Program Project Grant review on November 14.

In addition, Rogers was invited to present "Comparing Risk Factor Prevalence and Mortality Rates," to the Population Studies Colloquia at Florida State University on September 22. On November 16, he was invited to present "Socioeconomic Status and Age: The Effect of Income Sources and Portfolios on Adult Mortality in the United States," to the Department of Sociology and Population Research Center, University of Chicago.

Political and Economic Change Program

Debra Javeline attended the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies meetings on November 9-12 in Denver. She presented her paper "Protest and the Politics of Blame: The Russian Response to Unpaid Wages." Blame plays an important role in motivating many human activities, but rarely has the attribution of blame been analyzed for its effects on protest behavior. In the paper the author argues that how people understand causal relationships and attribute blame for a grievance plays a crucial role in their decision to redress the grievance through protest. The greater the conviction about blame, the greater the probability of protest. Attributions of blame in turn depend on the complexity of the problem and on the willingness and ability of the aggrieved to make the attributions. Wage arrears in Russia are an example of a very serious but complicated problem that does not drive the vast majority of the population to protest. Javeline describes the problem and the public response and tests the theory using evidence from an original nationwide survey of 2,000 adult Russians conducted in September of 1998.

Javeline, who is currently the Kenneth Boulding post-doctorate fellow in the Political and Economic Change program, has been hired as an assistant professor of political science at Rice University starting in January 2001.

Problem Behavior Program

Richard Jessor participated in the Technical Consultation on the "New Global Agenda for Children" convened by UNICEF at the Carter Center in Atlanta, GA, October 2-4, 2000. UNICEF is serving as the Secretariat for the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on Children to be held in New York in September 2001. The Technical Consultation brought together regional and country-level UNICEF representatives from across the globe to work with child and adolescent specialists in outlining goals and policies for the world's children at the outset of the 21st century.

Jessor has also been appointed to an advisory group of international pubic health experts to develop a strategic plan for the next decade for the World Health Organizationís Department of Adolescent Health and Development in Geneva, Switzerland. The groupís first meeting was held November 13-14 in Geneva.

In Print

Fisher, W.A., Dervaitis, K.L., Bryan, A.D., Silcox, J. and Kohn, H. (2000). "Womenís Health Status: Sexual Health, Reproductive Health, Sexual Coercion, and Partner Abuse Indicators in a Canadian Obstetrics and Gynecology Outpatient Population." Journal of the Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada, 22, pp. 714-724. This article assesses prevalence and correlates of sexual health, reproductive health, sexual coercion, and partner abuse in a Canadian obstetrics and gynecology outpatient population, and whether women who report concerns in these areas have ever discussed them with their physicians. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 409 women (93.8% response rate) attending two hospital-based obstetrics and gynecology outpatient clinics in a mid-size Ontario city. Significant, prevalent, and clinically neglected sexual health, reproductive health, sexual coercion, and partner abuse concerns were reported by obstetrics and gynecology outpatients seeking routine care. Women reported chronic and troubling dyspareunia (37%), dysmenorrhea (47%), and PMS (57%), infrequent breast self-examination (53%), inconsistent contraceptive use despite the desire not to conceive (41%), inconsistent condom use among those with multiple sexual partners (82%), sexual dysfunction (76% reported at least one sexual dysfunction), and a history of sexual coercion (23%) and physical partner abuse (19%). Only a small minority of women who reported sexual or reproductive health or sexual coercion or partner abuse concerns had ever discussed these concerns with their physician. These findings provide an empirical profile of significant and prevalent-but clinically neglected-women's health concerns and suggest the need for increased clinical attention to the range of problems surveyed.

Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence

Delbert S. Elliott presented the keynote address "What Works-What Doesn't: Blueprints for Violence Prevention," at the Governor's Crime Commission on Communities that Care conference on November 1, sponsored by the Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention in Winston-Salem, NC. Elliott, along with Colorado Attorney General Ken Salazar, held a press conference at The Colorado Trust in Denver to release findings of the 63-county, statewide forums on the Safe Communities--Safe Schools Initiative on November 16. The information and findings were also included in a report entitled "Some Emerging Lessons and Recommendations." Elliott attended working sessions for the Surgeon General's Report to the Nation on Youth Violence in Washington, DC, and Chicago on November 20-22.

Delbert Elliott, Jane Grady, Jennifer Carroll, Rhonda Ntepp, Mary Beth Abella, and Landa Heys attended a meeting of the Colorado Interagency Task Force at the Attorney General's Office in Denver on November 9. The special speaker, Dr. Bernard James, of the National School Safety Center presented on Information Sharing and Interagency Agreements.

Tonya Aultman-Bettridge presented "Analyzing the Validity of Violent Student Profiles," (a paper co-authored with Delbert Elliott), and Stacy Mallicoat presented "Evaluating a Strengthening Families Program for At-Risk Asian Youth" (co-authored with T. Aultman-Bettridge) at the American Society of Criminology Conference in San Francisco on November 15-18.

Environment and Behavior Program

In Print

White, Gilbert F. 2000."Lessons for Flood Hazard and Disaster Management from the International Decadeóand Future Challenges" in D.J. Parker (ed.), Floods, Volume II, New York and London: Routledge, pp. 271-275. A commentary on the difficulty of drawing broad lessons from the experience of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction because of the lack of careful, incisive assessment of the effects of specific efforts that were made under that program. The experience of Boulder, Colorado, is cited as an example of mutually inconsistent forces at work in a local community.

Natural Hazards Center

In Print

Myers, Mary Fran. 2000. "Twenty-five Years of Nurturing the Hazards Community," Natural Hazards Review, 1(4), pp. 189-190. In this guest editorial, Myers reviews the role that the Natural Hazards Centerís annual hazards research and applications workshop has played to create and build the nationís hazards community over the past quarter century.

Myers, M. F. and E. Passerini. 2000. "Floodplain Management: Historic Trends and Options for the Future," in D.J. Parker (ed.), Floods, Volume I, New York and London: Routledge Press, pp. 244-253. This chapter reviews historical trends in floodplain management in the United States, offers an analysis of how these trends have prevented or encouraged flood losses, suggests a new paradigm for dealing with floods, and offers some concrete suggestions for how the new approach might be implemented.


BITS AND BYTES FROM SSDAC

Social Science Data Analysis Center

Effective October 31, James L. (Zeke) Little retired from his position as director of SSDAC. He will be working part-time during an interim period. Jani Little is acting director of SSDAC.

Jani S. Little has completed a Ph.D. in Geography. The title of her dissertation is, "Demographic Context and Ethnic Mixing: Neighborhood Change and Stability in Southwest Cities."

In statistical software news Stata, which is now used by several IBS researchers, is releasing version 7 in December. There are many statistical enhancements and as in past versions Stata continues to develop specialized analytical procedures in survival analysis and other areas, and provides capabilities not found in other statistical software such as SPSS or SAS. For more information about Stata go to: http://www.stata.com. Stata 7 will be available for evaluation at the Social Science Data Analysis Center.


In Focus

Zeke Little in Transition

Effective October 31, James L. (Zeke) Little has retired as the Director of the Social Science Data Analysis Center (SSDAC) after more than thirty-one years of service. Although he will continue to work part-time for SSDAC during an interim period, he will soon be missed by all who have come to rely on his helpfulness and cheerful competence.

Since 1970, Zeke Little has held a central role in maintaining an IBS computing environment consistent with a high quality research institute. This has required continual adaptation and self-education to keep abreast with rapidly changing technology. In the early days of computing and statistical processing, IBS was self-sufficient. IBS Computing Services maintained and managed a mainframe computer, peripheral card sorters, and key punches dedicated to meeting the needs of IBS researchers. When Zeke came to IBS in 1968, with a Master's degree in mathematics and a strong engineering background, his first job was to develop a set of statistical programs called the IBS Program Library, which was expanded and used by IBS researchers and distributed to other research institutes into the early 1980s.

When Little became the director of IBS Computing Services in 1970, his responsibilities included systems and service management. At the same time, IBS Computing Services moved into IBS #4 in order to house a new IBM 1130 mainframe computer. The machine cost $87,000 and took up most of the west room of the building. This technology, which relied on removable hard-disk storage and card input, remained state-of-the-art until the late 1970s when the computing needs of IBS required a higher-capacity computer system. At that time, IBS #4 became a laboratory of computer terminals that connected users with a centralized campus computer and enabled access to software packages such as SPSS, Lisrel, and BMDP.

Zeke Little has held a central role in maintaining an IBS computing environment consistent with a high quality research institute. He has set a standard of service and remained friendly and approachable to all who seek his help.

For much of Little's tenure, computing services at IBS have served as a model for other campus organizations. During the 1980s, under his direction, IBS Computing Services became the Social Science Data Analysis Center, the center for statistical analysis and data management for the social sciences on campus. The staff taught statistical methods and computer techniques courses and seminars to people from all departments and university offices. During this same period, Little was instrumental in promoting the use of personal computers by helping every IBS program acquire and network their personal computers and printers. Similar models were later implemented in several departments, and Little provided valuable assistance in helping them build up their personal computer infrastructure.

Through the years Zeke Little acquired a very broad understanding of computer technology, and he never hesitated to share his knowledge with anyone who asked. Thus, the mark left by Little at IBS is larger than his contributions to computing. He has set a standard of service and remained friendly and approachable to all who seek his help. His willingness to provide assistance has gone far beyond what is expected of a computer professional, and his long-standing commitment to furthering the goals of IBS will be appreciated for years to come.


Human Research Deadlines

By federal law, all faculty, staff, and student research that involves any contact with human subjects requires some level of prior review and approval. All new protocols requiring regular review are due in the Graduate School office by 4:15 pm on the following dates:

Contact Sheryl Jensen in the Graduate School at 2-7099 for more information on regular, expedited, and exempt review and to obtain appropriate forms. Forms are also available in department offices. Be sure you are using the most current version of the form. You can also check their Web Site at http://www.colorado.edu/GraduateSchool/HRC/ .

Research Proposals Funded

Problem Behavior Program

R. Jessor, F.M Costa
Adolescent risk behavior and development in China and the US: PRA support
Denver Public Schools, 09/01/00 - 08/31/01, supp, $33,949

F.W. Dunford
Continuation of the San Diego Navy experiment
San Diego State University Foundation, 06/05/00 - 06/04/01, supp, $202,000

D.S. Elliott
Safe communities--safe schools
Colorado Trust, supp, $130,000

D.S. Elliott, S. Menard, D. Huizinga, J. Hewitt, J. DeFries
NYS family study: problem alcohol use and problem behavior
NIAAA, 10/01/00 - 08/31/05, new, $6,924,274
First year IBS, $1,137,449

First year IBG, $245,644

Environment and Behavior Program

C.W. Howe, J. Wiener
An exploratory assessment of the potential or improved water management by climate information in 3 western states
NOAA, 08/01/99 - 07/31/01, supp, $73,162

Research Proposals Submitted

Environment and Behavior Program

L.M. Hunter
An examination of Boulder residents' attitudes towards biodiversity and threatened and endangered species in city open space and mountain parks
City of Boulder, 05/14/01 - 08/24/01, new, $4,836

Population Processes Program

B.P. Butterfield, K. Foote, R.G. Rogers
NCI GIS methods and services for cancer epidemiology and control
Colo UCHSC, 07/01/01 - 06/30/06, new, $975,700


The January/February issue of the IBS Newsletter will be published the first week of February.

Enjoy the holidays!


Upcoming Colloquia

There is an online listing of upcoming and recent colloquia.


Institute of Behavioral Science

Richard Jessor, Institute Director


IBS Newsletter

Julie Klauss and Sugandha Brooks, Co-editors
Richard L. Cook, Web Site Coordinator


Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado at Boulder
Boulder, CO 80309-0483

(303) 492-8147

IBS@Colorado.EDU