IBS Newsletter

September 2000


Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado


Kudos

Congratulations to Alice Fothergill, a Graduate Research Assistant with the Natural Hazards Center and a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Sociology, who won the 2000 Herbert Blumer award presented by the Society for the Study of Symbolic Interaction for Outstanding Graduate Student Paper. The award, in the amount of $400, was presented to her during the American Sociological Association’s annual meeting the week of August 14, in Washington, DC. Her award winning paper “The Stigma of Charity: Needing and Receiving Disaster Assistance,” based on her dissertation research, was presented at the Session on Gender and Inequality on August 15.

Congratulations are also extended to Gilbert F. White, Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Geography and former Director of IBS, who received the 2000 Millennium Award from the International Water Resources Association presented at the 10th Stockholm Water Symposium in Sweden on August 17.


Certificate Program in Applied Behavioral Science

The Graduate School has approved a new Graduate Certificate Program in Applied Behavioral Science. The program will commence with the 2001-2002 AY. The program is being offered by the Institute of Behavioral Science in cooperation with the departments of Anthropology, Economics, Geography, Political Science, Psychology, and Sociology. Teaching and mentoring will be provided by Institute-associated faculty from the cooperating departments.

Program Rationale: It is becoming apparent that the most urgent social problems in the contemporary world are not amenable to understanding from within the confines of a single discipline. Because of the inherent complexity, interdisciplinary approaches are required to understand problems such as poverty, family disintegration, risky health behavior, income and wealth inequality, racial and gender discrimination, alienating work, population growth, movement and decline, andenvironmental degradation (to name but a few), and to help individuals, groups, organizations, and communities cope with them. The goal of the certificate program is to train a new kind of social scientist, one who is able to understand the most important social and economic changes that areimpacting communities in the contemporary world, equipped with interdisciplinary knowledge and skills, accomplished across a variety of methodological domains, sensitive to ethical issues in applied behavioral research and teaching, and comfortable in settings of ethnic, cultural, and racial diversity. Most important, this new kind of social scientist will be trained to be a problem-solver and will be employable in non-academic as well as academic settings.

Program Requirements:

Applying to the Program: Students will apply to the program during the Spring semester of their first year in their home department. They will have to demonstrate a strong record of achievement in their disciplines, with no less than a “B” average (and no “Incompletes”) in their first semester courses, evidence of satisfactory progress in their second semester courses, and at least one letter of recommendation from their first-year seminar teachers. Selection of Certificate program members will be made by the Certificate program coordinator, advised by a small committee of IBS faculty appointed by the IBS director.


Program Activities

Problem Behavior Program

In Print

Turbin, Mark S., Richard Jessor, and Frances M. Costa. 2000. “Adolescent Cigarette Smoking: Health-Related Behavior or Normative Transgression?” Prevention Science, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 115-124. Relations among measures of adolescent behavior were examined to determine whether cigarette smoking fits into a structure of problem behaviors—behaviors that involve normative transgression—or a structure of health-related behaviors, or both. In an ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample of 1,782 male and female high school adolescents, four first-order problem behavior latent variables—sexual intercourse experience, alcohol abuse, illicit drug use, and delinquency—were established and together were shown to reflect a second-order latent variable of problem behavior. Four first-order latent variables of health-related behaviors—unhealthy dietary habits, sedentary behavior, unsafe behavior, and poor dental hygiene—were also established and together were shown to reflect a second-order latent variable of health-compromising behavior. The structure of relations among those latent variables was modeled. Cigarette smoking had a significant and substantial loading only on the problem-behavior latent variable; its loading on the health-compromising behavior latent variable was essentially zero. Adolescent cigarette smoking relates strongly and directly to problem behaviors and only indirectly, if at all, to health-compromising behaviors. Interventions to prevent or reduce adolescent smoking should attend more to factors that influence problem behaviors.

Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence

On August 8, Delbert S. Elliott participated in Senator Wayne Allard's “2000 Education Roundtable” at the State Capitol in Denver. On August 1516 as a member of the advisory committee he attended the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Advisory Committee for Injury Prevention and Control meeting in Atlanta, Georgia. On August 17, he was the keynote speaker at the Ohio Department of Mental Health's Conference “A Forensic System Emerging: How Do We Survive in It?” in Columbus, Ohio. He presented “What Makes a Best Practice.”

On August 29, CSPV sponsored a facilitation training for Safe Communities—Safe Schools site coordinators and representatives. Donna Duffy of the Rocky Mountain Center for Health Promotion and Education provided training. CSPV staff who attended included Jane Grady, Holly Bell, Jennifer Carroll, Mary Beth Abella, Rhonda Ntepp, Tonya AultmanBettridge, and Landa Heys. Also on the 29th, CSPV, along with the Colorado Attorney General’s Office, hosted an interagency meeting to discuss issues pertaining to interagency agreements and information sharing. Agencies represented at the meeting included representatives from key mental health organizations, school associations, law enforcement agencies, and the Attorney General’s Office. Delbert Elliott, along with Carroll, Ntepp, and Heys participated in the meeting.

Jane Grady, Holly Bell, and Landa Heys attended the Colorado Council of Social Scientists Brown Bag Meeting, “Improving Inter-Agency Coordination for Evaluation and Funding” in Denver. Bell and Heys attended a meeting of the steering committee for the National Suicide Prevention Strategy in Westminster on August 18.

Population Processes Program

Richard G. Rogers attended this year’s American Sociological Association Meetings in Washington, DC, August 12-16. Rogers and Patrick Krueger (a graduate student in the Population Program and the Department of Sociology) presented “The Influence of Wealth and Assets on Race/Ethnic Differences in Mortality.” Rogers was selected to organize next year’s Population Section Roundtable sessions.

While in Washington, Rogers participated as Associate Editor in the board meeting of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior which is the official medical sociology journal of the American Sociological Association.

Environment and Behavior Program

In Print

Weinberg, Adam, David N. Pellow, Allan Schnaiberg. 2000. Urban Recycling and the Search for Sustainable Community Development. Princeton University Press. The history of recycling mirrors many other urban reforms. What began in the 1960s as a sustainable community enterprise has become a commodity-based, profit-driven industry. Large private firms, using public dollars, have chased out smaller nonprofit and family-owned efforts. Perhaps most troubling is that this process was not born of economic necessity. Rather, socially oriented programs are actually more viable than profit-focused systems. This finding raises unsettling questions about the prospects for any sort of sustainable local development in the globalizing economy.

Natural Hazards Center

On August 11, Mary Fran Myers was appointed to the National Research Council's (NRC) Roundtable on Natural Disasters. She is one of five members on the roundtable, and her term expires August 31, 2002. NRC roundtables are a type of convening activity of the National Academies that provides a means for representatives of government, industry, and academia to gather periodically for identifying and discussing issues of mutual concern on a continual basis.


BITS and BYTES from SSDAC

Social Science Data Analysis Center

SSDAC is sponsoring a four-session workshop to promote spatial data analysis and mapping in the social sciences. It will be taught by Jani and Zeke Little. The workshop will be oriented toward “hands-on” instruction in using ArcView for thematic mapping of geographic data and using SpaceStat for descriptive spatial statistics and for spatial regression analysis.

The workshop will take place in the Department of Geography KESDA Lab located in the basement of Guggenheim on Friday afternoons 2:00-4:00, September 22, 29 and October 13, 20. All interested faculty, staff, and graduate students are invited to attend. Enrollment is limited. Pre-register by sending e-mail to jani.little@colorado.edu or call 303-492-4179.

Information Technology Services is also offering short Statistical Computing Workshops that could be of interest to some IBS researchers. See: http://www.colorado.edu/ITS/docs/stat.html for more information.


Profile

African Ethnopolitics and Democratization and Continuity and Change in Zambia

James R. Scarritt, Professor of Political Science, is a Faculty Research Associate in the Research Program on Political and Economic Change. His research focuses on political leadership, ethnopolitics, and democratization in sub-Saharan Africa. He has made six research visits to Zambia, the first in 1961 and the latest in May and June of this year, and is completing a book on continuity and change in the politics of that country during this thirty-nine year period. His other recent research has involved a cross-national study on African ethnopolitics and democratization, and a study of the effects of uneven democratization on Zambia-Zimbabwe relations.

A collaborator and I have created a data set on ethnopolitical groups (politically relevant groups based in ethnicity broadly defined) in all countries in Africa south of the Sahara. The data set includes indices of groups’ geographical concentration, and the ethnopolitical fragmentation of countries. We have published an article on the methodology for creating a data set and one using the data to argue that regional autonomy is not a good solution to ethnopolitical conflicts in most African countries. We recently gave a paper showing that African ethnopolitical cleavages, in conjunction with existing political institutions, are likely to produce multiethnic rather than ethnic political parties. We are working on several papers relating ethnopolitical fragmentation and concentration, features of the democratization process and electoral system characteristics to electoral outcomes. We find that greater ethnopolitical fragmentation, especially if combined with high geographical concentration, produces greater numbers of electoral and legislative parties. We are planning to produce a book that will combine all of these topics and describe the coding of all ethnopolitical groups in the data set.

I am also completing a book tentatively entitled Change and Continuity in Zambia: Leaders, Institutions, and Policies Under Economic Decline and Class Formation. This book analyzes continuity and change in Zambian politics and society between 1960 and 2000 employing an integrated theoretical framework that is presented in the first chapter. The analysis shows that the values, norms, and social backgrounds of political leaders at the time of independence have substantially influenced the development of political institutions and policies from that time to the present, affecting both continuity and change in them. It then provides evidence that the same values, norms, and social backgrounds characterize current political leaders. It also shows how the societal processes of economic growth/decline without diversification and the incomplete formation of a privileged class have shaped, and continue to shape, the interpretation of these values and norms and their effects on institutions and policies. The feedback effects of institutions and policies on values, norms, and societal processes are also analyzed. Finally, the concluding chapter argues that Zambia's current problems in consolidating its fragile democracy can be explained by the interaction among societal processes, leaders’ values and norms, institutions, and policies over the last thirty-nine years.

I am also completing a book tentatively entitled Change and Continuity in Zambia: Leaders, Institutions, and Policies Under Economic Decline and Class Formation.


Funding Opportunities

To reinforce its diversity, the National Science Foundation (NSF) is offering approximately 900 graduate fellowships including behavioral and social science fellowships, which are intended for individuals in the early stages of their graduate study. Fellowships provide three years of support that may be used over a five-year period. Funding includes a $16,800 stipend for a 12-month tenure plus $10,500 cost-of-education allowance per tenure year pending availability of funds. The new fellowships will be offered in March 2001. The deadline for the applicationis November 7. Further information is available at: NSF Graduate Research Fellowship Program, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, PO Box 3010, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-3010, 865-241-4300, nsfgrfp@orau.gov, or http://www.orau.org/nsf/nsffel.htm.

NSF also announces its International Research Fellowship Program. The objective of the program is to introduce scientists and engineers in the early stages of their careers to opportunities abroad, thereby furthers NSF’s goal of establishing productive, mutually-beneficial relationships between US and foreign science and engineering communities. These awards are available for research in any field of science and engineering research and education supported by NSF. Foreign science or engineering centers and other centers of excellence in all geographical regions are eligible host institutions. The average award size is $60,000 and approximately 20-30 fellowships will be offered. The deadline for the application is November 15. Further information is available at: International Research Fellowship Program, Susan Parris, Division of International Programs, Room 935, National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Blvd., Arlington, VA 22230, 703-292-7225, sparris@nsf.gov.

Complete copies of the above and other funding opportunity announcements can be found on the bulletin board in IBS 1.


Human Research Deadlines

By federal law, all faculty, staff, and student research that involves any contact with human subjects requires some level of prior review and approval. All new protocols requiring regular review are due in the Graduate School office by 4:15 PM on the following dates:

Contact Sheryl Jensen in the Graduate School at 2-7099 for more information on regular, expedited, and exempt review and to obtain appropriate forms. Forms are also available in department offices. Be sure you are using the most current version of the form. You cmay also check their Web site at http///www.colorado.edu/GraduateSchool/HRC/.


Research Proposals Funded

Problem Behavior Program

D.S. Elliott Scientific editing and writing of the Surgeon General’s report on youth violence
HHS 07/03/00 – 02/01/01 new

$100,000

F.W. Dunford Continuation of the San Diego Navy experiment
San Diego St Univ Fdn 06/05/00 - 06/04/01 cont

$337,250


Research Proposals Submitted

Environment and Behavior Program

D.S. Mileti

M.F. Myers

A clearinghouse on natural hazards research and applications

NSF 10/01/00 — 09/30/01

renew

$738,718

Population Processes Program

F.C. Pampel Intergovernmental personnel act assignment agreement (IPA) for Dr. Fred C. Pampel
NSF 09/12/00 - 08/20/01 new

$144,195


Upcoming Colloquia

There is an online listing of upcoming and recent colloquia.


Institute of Behavioral Science

Richard Jessor, Institute Director


IBS Newsletter

Julie Klauss and Sugandha Brooks, Co-editors
Richard L. Cook, Web Site Coordinator


Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado at Boulder
Boulder, CO 80309-0483

(303) 492-8147

IBS@Colorado.EDU