Gender violence is violence that is based on and reinforces gender norms and roles, and gender hierarchies.
Gender violence has often been described primarily as violence men perpetrate against women including sexual assault, intimate partner violence and stalking. Prevalence data does show this pattern, but this is not the whole picture. Sex assault, intimate partner violence and stalking can happen between partners of all sexes and genders. (Examples include, straight, gay, trans, bi, other).
And while sexual assault, intimate partner violence are prevalent forms, violence directed at people who do not conform in their gender presentation or behavior is a significant piece of the gender violence picture. This includes queer, androgynous and other people. This violence is pervasive and has huge health impacts and social costs.
If you or a friend have experienced gender violence, sexual assault, intimate partner violence, and other forms of violence on the CU-Boulder campus click here for response resources.
If you would like to know more about prevention efforts on our campus, click here.
Access to appropriate health care and a safe working and learning environment in college can have significant impacts on retention and achievement for students. This in turn shapes career options and health over the lifespan.
People who do not conform to dominant gender presentation norms often to do not have access to routine health care, safe employment or a safe living environment. Provider bias can block access to routine health care.
In addition, some health care systems actively pathologize people who attempt to gain medical or surgical help in shaping their bodies to match their gender identity; these systems can deny medically necessary surgery, characterizing it as cosmetic.
Sexual assault, intimate partner violence and stalking have a significant impact on health and functioning.
In addition, access to effective, appropriate health care for issues of gender violence or for reproductive health care creates health inequity.
In fact, the negative effects of any medical condition for which people have unequal access to treatment based on sex, gender or gender presentation could be considered a form of systemic gender violence.
From a public health perspective, access to appropriate health care as well as a safe environment and adequate employment are significant factors in health equity.
Health consequences can result directly from violent acts or from the long-term effects of violence.