Tsunamis

NOAA Tsunami Web Site
http://www.tsunami.noaa.gov/
This page is the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) comprehensive Web portal for tsunami information and activities. The Web site includes sections on tsunami basics, warning, preparedness, hazards assessments, education, animations, and NOAA's roles and responsibilites related to tsunamis. NOAA has primary responsibility for providing tsunami warnings in the United States and a leadership role in tsunami observations and research.

West Coast and Alaska Tsunami Warning Center and
Pacific Tsunami Warning Center

http://www.tsunami.gov
http://www.nws.noaa.gov/pr/ptwc
NOAA operates two tsunami warning center - West Coast and Alaska Tsunami Warning Center and Pacific Tsunami Warning Center. The home page of the West Coast and Alaska Tsunami Warning Center provides the most recent press releases, advisories, watches, and warnings from the center; messages from and links to other warning centers around the Pacific; and links to earthquake catalogs, tsunami catalogs, and recent historical data on tsunamis. It also describes the center and provides background information on the physics of tsunamis, tsunami safety, and the Great Alaskan Earthquake and Tsunami of 1964. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center Web site offers current bulletins (including estimated times of arrival and maps), as well as historical information concerning tsunamis of the region.

NOAA Center for Tsunami Research
http://nctr.pmel.noaa.gov/
The NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory Tsunami Program, created to mitigate the tsunami hazards affecting the Pacific Coast, Alaska, and Hawaii, has been incorporated into the NCTR. The Web page provides information on tsunami forecasting, research and modeling, events and data, and the Deep-Ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunamis (DART) program.

International Tsunami Information Center
http://www.prh.noaa.gov/itic/
The home page of the International Tsunami Information Center (ITIC) describes the work of the center and offers both current and historical information about tsunamis, as well as an online Post Tsunami Survey Field Guide. The related home page of the International Coordination Group for the Tsunami Warning System in the Pacific (ICG/ITSU) presents background information on tsunamis and tsunami warnings, a description of the Pacific Tsunami Warning System, and includes the ITIC Tsunami Newsletter.

Tsunami Ready Program
http://www.stormready.noaa.gov/tsunamiready/
The National Weather Service (NWS) created a program to help cities, counties, and other local governments implement procedures to reduce the potential for weather-related disasters. By participating in "StormReady," local agencies can earn recognition for their jurisdiction by meeting voluntary criteria established by the NWS in partnership with federal, state, and local emergency management professionals. TsunamiReady is part of the StormReady program and helps communities and counties at risk to tsunamis. This Web site includes information about how to apply for TsunamiReady status, tsunami publications, NWS contacts, and many links to further information.

FEMA - Tsunami
http://www.fema.gov/hazard/tsunami/index.shtm
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) tsunami page provides information about tsunami hazards and what to do before, during, and after a tsunami event. The page also includes links to photos and other related government resources.

Tsunami and Earthquake Research at USGS
http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/tsunami
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Western Region Web site offers information on tsunami research at the USGS, as well as basic background information, and online tsunami animations.

Tsunami Data at National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)
http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/seg/hazard/tsu.shtml
This page provides access to the considerable information on tsunamis available from the NGDC including their Tsunami Database, which encompasses about 6,600 records of tsunami events from 49 B.C. to the present, tide gage records for over 3,000 tsunamis in the last 150 years, tsunami slide sets, and tsunami publications.

Centers for Disaster Control and Prevention (CDC)
http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/tsunamis/
This Web page from the CDC provides information on public health issues related to tsunamis, including specific information on the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami.

Tsunami Risks Project
http://www.nerc-bas.ac.uk/tsunami-risks/
The Tsunami Risks Project, based in the United Kingdom, was launched to introduce the British insurance industry to tsunamis and the risks they pose and to quantify tsunami hazards be developing frequency- magnitude distributions and evaluations of direct and indirect insurance risks. The project is examining subjects ranging from how tsunamis are generated and how they propagate across the oceans; to the mechanisms by which they cause damage when they make landfall; to the means by which disaster planning can reduce the economic losses that result; to the sources of postdisaster information and mapping that can be consulted to validate tsunami-related insurance claims. The project's Web site provides details about this initiative, as well as an interactive map with accompanying articles about historic tsunami disasters of the world; a "Risk Atlas" - another interactive map showing tsunami risk around the world; several complete publications; a bibliography; and an index of related Web sites.

Tsunami Risk Reduction for the United States: A Framework for Action
http://sdr.gov/
In 2005, the White House released its national tsunami risk reduction plan, Tsunami Risk Reduction for the United States: A Framework for Action. Authored by a working group of the president’s National Science and Technology Council in partnership with scientists and policy makers at local, state, and federal levels, it recognizes critical worldwide interdependencies, especially for Earth observations, and notes the opportunities for nations to work together to reduce vulnerabilities.

ISDR Tsunami Early Warning System
http://www.unisdr.org/ppew/tsunami/ppew-tsunami.htm
This section of the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) Platform for the Promotion of Early Warning Web site provides information on developments pertaining to the organization of a tsunami early warning system for the Indian Ocean. It also contains a concise summary of information on tsunamis and links to other tsunami Web sites.

CRS Report: Tsunami Early Warning Systems
www.fas.org/sgp/crs/RL32739.pdf#search=ocean%20shores%20tsunami%20ready
Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems, a report from the Congressional Research Service (CRS), was released in the wake of the Indian Ocean tsunami.

http://www.seismic.ca.gov/pub/CSSC%2005-03%20Tsunami%20Findings.pdf
The Tsunami Threat to California: Findings and Recommendations on Tsunami Hazards and Risks is the result of an evaluation of tsunami readiness in California by the State of California Seismic Safety Commission’s Tsunami Safety Committee.


2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami

http://ioc.unesco.org/indotsunami/
The intent of this site recently launched by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO is to provide information about the progress in developing a regional tsunami warning and mitigation system for the Indian Ocean.

http://www.eeri.org/lfe/clearinghouse/sumatra_tsunami/presentation.html
The Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI) has released "The Great Sumatra Earthquake and Indian Ocean Tsunami," a comprehensive PowerPoint presentation that is intended for use by individuals who are giving presentations to their colleagues, community groups, EERI student chapters, and others. It was developed to explain the origins of the earthquake and ensuing tsunami and to document the damage they caused. It also includes slides on past tsunamis in the United States as well as a discussion of tsunami risk reduction methods.

http://www.swissre.com/ (Research and Publications)
This new Focus report from Swiss Re, "Tsunami in South Asia: Building Financial Protection," examines how the insurance industry should respond to tsunamis and other natural catastrophes occurring in developing countries.

http://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/tsunami/
Within days of the massive tsunami in the Indian Ocean in late 2004, teams of researchers rushed to survey the disaster, hoping to learn how such loss of life, property, and ecosystems could be prevented. This special report from the National Science Foundation describes some of the findings.

www.nap.edu/catalog/11619.html
This report summarizes the June 21, 2005, National Academies’ Disasters Roundtable: The Indian Ocean Tsunami Disaster: Implications for U.S. and Global Disaster Reduction and Preparedness. Participants considered implications of the disaster for implementing effective tsunami mitigation, detection, warning, and emergency response systems and multihazard mitigation and preparedness as well as U.S. initiatives and how they are expected to tie into regional and global efforts.

www.rms.com/Publications/IndianOceanTsunamiReport.pdf
Managing Tsunami Risk in the Aftermath of the 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami by Risk Management Solutions provides an in-depth analysis of the global tsunami hazard and mitigating coastal risk.

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/tsunami/
PBS debuted Nova's "Wave That Shook the World" on March 29. This episode-dedicated Web site features a transcript, links and books, a teacher's guide, and more information about tsunami past and present.

http://www.e-aceh.org/
eAceh.org is an effort by the government of Indonesia and the donor community to bring together the many stakeholders rebuilding lives, livelihoods, and communities in Aceh and northern Sumatra devastated by the earthquake and tsunami on December 26, 2004. Information from all government agencies, international institutions, bilateral donors, international NGOs, and local Lembaga Swadaya Masyakarat participating in the rehabilitation and reconstruction of Aceh shall be made available on this site.

http://www.thoughtweb.com/relief/
The Pacific Disaster Center and Thoughtweb Inc. created this Web site to facilitate information sharing and collaboration regarding the ongoing relief efforts pertaining to the Indian Ocean tsunami disaster. The objective of the site is to provide personalized and highly relevant, up-to-date knowledge and situation awareness so users can be effective and efficient in doing what they can to support the tsunami relief and recovery effort.