Architecture in Russia, the Ukraine, and Uzbekistan

by Richard A. Montgomery

These photographs are made available for public access and use. Please credit:

Richard A. Montgomery

8327 Timber Bough

San Antonio, TX 78250-4413


Figure 1. Moscow, Russia Commonly known as St. Basil's Cathedral, the Pokrovsky Cathedral was built from 1555 to 1560. The cathedral is actually a collection of 9 churches which were built side-by-side. St. Basil's is considered by many to be the most recognizable piece of architecture in Russia, and around the world. Spassky Tower, part of the Kremlin Wall can be seen to the left of the Cathedral. Summer 1990.

Figure 2. Moscow, Russia. Another view of St. Basil's Cathedral. Summer 1990.

Figure 3. Moscow, Russia. A young couple strolls through Red Square on a late summer evening. The Kremlin wall stands behind Lenin's Tomb on the right hand side, while St. Basil's stands ahead of the strolling couple. Summer 1990.

Figure 4. Moscow, Russia. The Lomonosov University built between 1949 and 1953. The view from the top of this building encompasses much of Moscow. Summer 1990.

Figure 5. Moscow, Russia. Smolensky Cathedral, built in 1525, is the cornerstone structure in the Novodevichy Convent and cemetery. Buried on the grounds of the convent are such notables as Chekhov, Prokofiev, Molotov, and Khrushchev. Summer 1990.

Figure 6. Moscow, Russia. A tourist stop in Arbat Street that attracts local artists, craftspeople and merchants. Summer 1990.

Figure 7. Moscow, Russia. Apartment complexes such as this are common to major Russian cities. Summer 1990.

Figure 8. St. Petersberg, Russia. Located just outside of the city of St. Petersberg, Petodvorets was intended to be the summer home of the Russian Czars. Built by Peter the Great after a visit to France, the influence of Versailles is easy to see. The structure required a complete restoration after World War II due to damage done by the Nazi occupation forces. June 1991.

Figure 9. St. Petersberg, Russia. The State Hermitage is one of the largest Museums in the world. Located on the Neva River the building served as the Winter Palace of the czars. June 1991.

Figure 10. St. Petersberg, Russia. Dvortsovaya Ploshchad, the Palace Square, was the site of the Bloody Sunday demonstration of 1905. June 1991.

Figure 11. St. Petersberg, Russia. Apartment complexes such as this are common to major Russian cities. June 1991.

Figure 12. Kiev, Ukraine. St. George's Church, begun in 1701, is considered to be a jewel of Ukrainian architecture. Summer 1990.

Figure 13. Kiev, Ukraine. Restored in 1982, The Golden Gate was once part of Kiev's protective fortifications. Originally built in 1037 by Yaroslav the Wise, the gate is topped with the tiny Church of the Annunciation. Summer 1990.

Figure 14. Kiev, Ukraine. A reconstruction of a Russian Orthodox Church of the 1880s located at the open-air Folk Architecture Museum on the outskirts of Kiev. The Museum features over four hundred homes, churches, mills, and other structures from all over the Ukraine. Summer 1990.

Figure 15. Kiev, Ukraine. An artist uses one of the structures at the Folk Architecture Museum in Kiev as inspiration. Summer 1990.

Figure 16. Kiev, Ukraine. The Pecherskaya Lavra (The Monastery of the Caves) Bell Tower built between 1731 and 1745 is the tallest bell tower in Russia standing 316 feet. Summer 1990.

Figure 17. Kiev, Ukraine. Children at play in the playground of their apartment complex. Summer 1990.

Figure 18. Rostov-on-Don, Ukraine. Lage Cathedral in Rostov-On-Don was allowed by the communist government to perform its religious duties. Summer 1990.

Figure 19. Bukara, Uzbekistan. Sunset over the ancient city of Bukhara reveals the Islamic nature of the city. The minaret tower is the Kalyan Minar built in 1127 and used as a lighthouse for caravans. June 1989.

Figure 20. Bukara, Uzbekistan. The Bolo Khauz Mosque served as the "court chapel" for the Emirs of Bukhara. June 1989.

Figure 21. Bukara, Uzbekistan. The "Mir-Arab" Mosque was built in the first decade of the sixteenth century. Mir Arab was allowed to function as a seminary under the rule of the Communists. June 1989.

Figure 22. Bukhara, Uzbekistan. The entrance to the Ark, which served as the main residence of the Emirs of Bukhara. The Ark currently acts as a museum featuring Bukharan culture. June 1989.

Compiled for the Web by Kirsten K. Connelly.

Last revised 25 January 1995. KKC.