Examination and Study Questions for GIS Policy
- Essay Questions
- Short Answer
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Limit each essay to two double-spaced typewritten pages plus references.
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- Does the State of Texas need a GIS policy?
- What problems stand in the way of international GIS projects, and can these problems ever be surmounted?
- Does the United States have or need a national GIS policy?
- What factors have prevented or delayed the establishment of a state-wide GIS policy and strategic plan for Texas?
- To what extent can GIS both support and undercut principles of freedom of information?
Limit your answers to no more than 100 words.
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- What is the meaning of the term "informational mosaic" and what are its dangers?
- At what levels of government (local, state, national) do arguments for coordination of GIS projects have value, and why?
- Why are government agencies adopting a "clearinghouse" model for the distribution of shared data rather than creating a central archive?
- List four problems that arise in attempts to apply GIS analysis to international environmental and economic issues?
- How might the Internet be used to improve access to publicly available digital databases and maps produced by federal and state government agencies?
- In what situations might high quality GIS data and systems be ignored by decision makers and why?
- List four ways in which the development of digital datasets are making it increasingly difficult to apply the Freedom of Information Act of 1966.
- Why would one argue against the standardization of GIS software and hardware systems across all levels of government?
- Why have some nations greatly restricted access to the Internet?
- How does public access to use of Britain's Ordnance Survey files differ from that of USGS files?
- List two of several steps the State of Texas has taken to develop state-wide GIS policy?
- In 1984 in Britain, the Chorley Commission concluded that most problems with GIS were non-technical in nature and recommended little government action. Do these same conclusions apply to GIS in the US?
- What are two potential benefits of the virtual classroom or virtual university?
- What are two examples of why we should be concerned with privacy in the context of GIS?
- How might GIS and other information technologies such as the Internet lead to more effective, efficient, and responsive government? How might these technologies act in the opposite way?
- At the federal level, how has freedom of access to information been redefined to accommodate new digital formats?
Choose the best or most appropriate answer(s) to the question.
- Which of the following stages best describes the situation of GIS at the state level in Texas?
- Coordination and control
- What factors stand in the way of the development of state-wide GIS policy in Texas?
- Lack of a state agency responsible for information and computer technology
- Competition among state agencies for limited funds
- Lack of GIS standards
- The physical size of the state
- Lack of suitable software and hardware
- According to John C.Antenucci et al (1991) in Chapter 1 Geographic Information Systems: A guide to the Technology, what issues are likely to constrain the spread of GIS technology?
- The absence of cost-effective methods for constructing large databases.
- The incompatibility of digital data created using different GIS and mapping systems.
- The prevalence of low-cost micro computers rather than "turn-key" systems.
- Institutional factors such as unrealistic expectations from GIS.
- "Turf wars" between government agencies.
- The falling price of computer disk space.
- What lessons were learned from the CORINE project?
- GIS is still unsuited to regional environmental planning
- The quality of data sources is of prime concern in assembling international GIS databases
- Map coverage varies radically by country
- High quality environmental data is available for developed countries, but is time consuming to convert into digital form
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Created on 6 January 96. Revised on 5 February 2000. LNC