The VCAC is the campus level faculty committee that conducts reviews of tenure, promotion, and reappointment cases on the Boulder campus. In the procedures as described in the faculty handbook and elsewhere, the VCAC conducts the "second level review".

The VCAC is a committee of 12-16 professor-rank faculty members from multiple colleges and schools who serve three year terms, and is chaired by the vice provost and associate vice chancellor for faculty affairs. VCAC members are selected in large part based upon their national reputation in their discipline, and because of their broad understanding of the standards and practices of public research universities. By tradition, members are recruited by the vice provost and associate vice chancellor for faculty affairs in collaboration with the provost, following solicitation of nominees from the Boulder Faculty Assembly Executive Committee. The committee is administratively supported and corresponds with the campus out of the Office of Faculty Affairs.

The roles of the VCAC include reviewing hire with tenure, reappointment, tenure and promotion cases forwarded to it by the deans of the multiple colleges and schools. Its deliberations result in a vote, which is reported in the form of a recommendation to the provost. The committee is also charged with recommending to the provost policy and advice on the promotion and tenure process and related matters. The committee also serves as an appeal body for post-tenure review appeals. The VCAC usually meets weekly during the spring term.