Vertical structures are reminiscent of those seen in most hilltowns in Northern Italy. There is where Charles Z. Klauder claimed he found the inspiration for his " University of Colorado Style" campus buildings. It is said that ambitious builders were always attempting to out distance their peers by constructing a tower higher than anyone else. Such vertical elements rising above the lower buildings with their cascading roofs presented a skyline of great interest. Klauder also punctuated his building masses with tower elements and other rising forms of his own making, such as chimney "dovecotes" which are an anomaly to Tuscan villages.
Campus towers are small in cross section and can best accommodate stairwells and mechanical equipment. The challenge is to top it out with a roof form conducive to the building below and those in the surrounding area. A four-sided pavilion top is often the choice, but a flat top with a crenellated protruding upper section often is also reminiscent of Italy. Shed tile roofs are also common of campus towers. Proportion of height to mass and the attached building is critical.