Students specializing in water will have knowledge to supply adequate quantities and quality of water for human use and the environment.
Water resources focuses on water allocation and supplies. This includes ground water, streams, lakes, reservoirs, and water storage facilities.
There are complex rules that govern water rights, particularly in the State of Colorado.
Water treatments focuses on the quality of the water, and ensuring that it is suitable for selected uses. For example, designing drinking water treatment facilities to supply potable water to cities. Drinking water treatment can also include decentralized approaches such as point-of-use treatment at the wellhead for an individual family or on-tap filters. Environmental engineers specializing in water can also design wastewater treatment facilities to treat water after human use so that it can be returned to surface water or groundwater without negatively impacting the ecology and downstream users. Water can also be treated to enable reuse for irrigation. Industrial wastewater also requires treatment. Water distribution and sewer collection pipelines must also be designed.
Many of the older generation working in this area have degrees in Civil Engineering.
Jobs in this area include:
water quality characterization by collecting samples of groundwater, surface water, and wastewater
working with regulatory agencies to determine appropriate water quality for human consumption, ecology, etc.
designing facilities to treat water and wastewater; these can include chemical, biological, and phyical methods
using modeling software to predict water treatment effectiveness of various processes
Many of the senior projects in the capstone design course deal with water and wastewater treatment -- read more!
Students select a minimum of 9 credits from among the following courses:
CVEN 3424 Water and Wastewater Treatment, focusing on municipal systems
CVEN 3323 Hydraulic Engineering
CVEN 4343 Open Channel Hydraulics
CVEN 5393 Water Resources Development and Management
MCEN 4228 Environmental Modeling
CVEN 4474 Hazardous and Industrial Waste Management, focusing on groundwater remediation and industrial wastewater treatment
GEOG 4501 Water Resources and Water Management in the Western US
Research: Professor Linden and UV treatment, water reuse, etc.; Link to 2009 CUE article
Research: Professor Balaji Rajagopalan, modeling Indian monsoon, article in CUE 2007
Companies that Specialize in Water Resources and Treatment:
Hazen and Sawyer, consultants
URS Corp, consultants
Montgomery, Watson, Harza, consultants
Water Recycling, in-depth report from NewsHour, March 28, 2008
Pharaceuticals detected in drinking water, report from NewsHour, March 12, 2008
Water scarcity in India sparks controversy, report from NewsHour, Nov. 18,2008
Maine residents and bottler battle over water, NewsHour report, Aug. 18, 2008
American Water Works Association (AWWA)
Water Environment Federation
Wikipedia Environmental Remediation article