Glossary

 

Bitterns:                        Type of Heron (bird) (Pickett & Leonesio, 2007).


Bursa:                          An expanded posterior region of the male, used for holding the female (Smyth and Smyth,

                                        1980).


Calcareous:                  Small particles of calcium carbonate (Pickett & Leonesio, 2007).


Dioecious:                    Male and female sexual organs are located in separate individuals (Pickett & Leonesio,

                                         2007).


Encysted:                      A thin-walled cavity containing liquid and the parasite (Pickett & Leonesio, 2007).


Endoparasitic:               Living within the body of the host organism (Cain, Bowman, & Hacker, 2008).


Eustachian tubes:          Inner ear canal connecting mouth to inner ear (Pickett & Leonesio, 2007).


Gill Re-absorption Site:  Where the gills of a tadpole are degraded and re-assimilated into the body

                                         during metamorphosis.


Mesentery:                   Connective tissue of the body cavity (Pickett & Leonesio, 2007).


Mesocercariae:            Unencysted form between a cercaria and a metacercaria, larval stages (Schmidt & Roberts,

                                        1989).


Naiad:                         Aquatic larvae or nymph of dragonfly (Pickett & Leonesio, 2007).


Paratenic:                     An organism that ingests many intermediate hosts and collects a large number of

                                        mesocercariae, which do not develop in its body before being eaten by the definitive host            

                                        (Marquardt, Demaree, & Grieve, 2000).


Proboscis:                     A tubular sucking organ (Pickett & Leonesio, 2007).


Stratum corneum:          Sheets of the outermost layer of dead skin cells (Pickett & Leonesio, 2007).


Tail Re-absorption Site:  Where the tail of a tadpole is degraded and re-assimilated into the body during

                                         metamorphosis.


Tribocytic:                     A glandular organ that secretes protein-degrading enzymes, which digest host tissues

                                        (Schmidt & Roberts, 1989).


Unsegmented:               Not distinctly divided into a series of anatomically similar units (Pickett & Leonesio, 2007).


Vitellaria:                      A group of glands that secrete yolk around the egg of invertebrates whose eggs do not

                                        contain yolk (Pickett & Leonesio, 2007).


Xiphidiocercariae:         Suspended cercariae, non-swimming (Schmidt, 1992).