Sylvio Back is a Brazilian filmmaker, poet, and writer. Son of European immigrants (Hungarian-Jewish father and German mother), he was born in Southern Brazil and lives in Rio de Janeiro. Former film critic and journalist, Back began motion picture direction in 1962 and has written, directed, and produced 36 films. These include Revolução de 30 (The 1930 Revolution), República Guarani (Guarani Republic), and Yndio do Brasil (Our Indians); and feature films Aleluia, Gretchen (Hallelujah, Gretchen), Cruz e Sousa–O Poeta do Desterro (The Banished Poet), and Lost Zweig. Back is one of Brazil's most awarded filmmakers.
As poet Back has published: O caderno erótico de Sylvio Back (Sylvio Back’s Erotic Memoirs), Moedas de Luz (Light Coins), A Vinha do Desejo (Vineyards of Desire), Yndio do Brasil–Poemas de filme (Yndio of Brasil–Film Poems), Boudoir; Eurus, and Traduzir é poetar às avessas (Translating Is Writing Poetry on Reverse).
Back’s most recent films are The Banished Poet (with English subtitles), a cine-biography on Cruz e Sousa, the most important black poet in the Portuguese language; and Lost Zweig (originally spoken in English), about the last days of Stefan Zweig, the Jewish Austrian who wrote the acclaimed book Brazil, País do Futuro (Brazil, The Country of the Future). In a mysterious death pact, Zweig and his wife Lotte committed suicide in the week following the 1942 Carnival in Brazil.