Arapaho - Animate Verbs - Questions and Negations


To ask a question with animate verbs, you add koo- just like with the inanimate verbs. The verb gets shorter the same as before as well. And you drop the endings on the verb just as before as well. In this case, its the suffixes which mean “I” “you” etc which get dropped. However, they have to be “added back on” at the beginning of the question:


neniisí3ei-noo               I am working

koo--niisí3ei            am I working?


beníi3béé-n                   you are cooking

koo-he-bíí3bee            are you cooking?


heneenéti-t                    she is talking

koo-heenét                    is she talking?


To make a sentence negative, you add hoow- just like with inanimate verbs. Again, the verb shortens, and again, the endings are dropped. As above, they are added back on at the beginning:


néí-hoow-niisí3ei                  I’m not working


héí-hoow-bíí3bee                  you’re not cooking


hoow-eenét                             she’s not talking

Exercize: Translate the following into Arapaho


1. you're not working

2. I'm not cooking

3. is she cooking?

4. are you working?

5. he's not cooking