One-Hundred Word Arapaho Basic Vocabulary

The following list gives one hundred very common Arapaho words which any beginning language learner should try to memorize. Words ending with a dash are either verbs or common prefixes. Other words are nouns or invariable "particle" words. The abbreviations (m) means "man speaking" and (w) means "woman speaking."

beecí- to snow
béét- want to...
beh'éíhehi' old man
béí'ci3éí'i money
béne- to drink
betébi old woman
betéee- to dance
béteenéíhi- to be holy (person)
béteeyóó- to be holy (thing)
beténeyóoó one’s body
bííkousíís moon
biin- to give s.o. s.t.
bííto'ówu' land, earth
bii3íhi- to eat
bii3wo food
bíxoo3- to love s.o.
bóoó road
cebísee- to walk
ceh'é3ih- to listen to s.o., obey them
ceh'é3tii- to listen to s.t., to obey
cííntii- to stop doing s.t.
hee yes (m)
héébe hello (m-m)
heenéti- to speak
heesi- what (statement, as in ‘that’s what I’m doing’)
hééti- indicates the future
héet- where (statement, as in ‘that’s where he lives’)
héétce'nóóhobé3en goodby, I’ll see you again
hééteenew- to respect s.o.
héí'towuun- to say s.t. to s.o.
héntoo- to be located, be at, live, stay
heséíse- to be windy
hesítee- to be hot
hésnéé- to be hungry
he3 dog
he'in- to know s.t.
he'inon- to know s.o.
hínee that
hinenítee person
hinóno'éí Arapaho
hinóno'éíni- to be Arapaho
hinóno'éíti- to speak Arapaho
hííko no
hííne'étii- to live, survive
hiisíís sun
híísi' day
híí3einóón buffalo
hiiwóonhéhe' today, right now
hinén man
hísei woman
hi3éíhi- to be good (person)
hí3et- to be good (thing)
hí3oobéí- to be correct, right, to tell the truth
hohóú thank you
hóónoyoohóótowoo watch out for yourself! be careful!
hoosoo- to rain
hoo3ítee- to tell a story
hoo3ítoo story
hoo3ítoon- to tell a story to s.o.
hoowu- not
hóseihóowu’ Sun Dance Lodge, Offerings Lodge
hotíí car; wheel; wagon
howóh'oe wait! (m)
ho'óowu' house
koo- indicates a question
neetéíhi- to be tired
nehéíc come here!
néhe' this
ne'éé wait! (w)
nih- indicates the past
nihi'kóóhu- to run
nih'oo3oo White person
nii- indicates a general or habitual situation or event
niibéi- to sing
nííni'i- able to...
niisí3ei- to work
nííteheiw- to help s.o.
nii3ín- to have in one’s possession
níí3oon- to accompany s.o., go with them
ni'í3ecóó- to be happy
nokóóyei- to be thirsty; to fast
nóóhow- to see s.o.
noohóót- to see s.t.
núhu' this
tecénoo door
téí'yoonéhe' child
toot- where (question)
tous hello (m-w, w-w)
tousi- what (question)
toyoo3oo- to be cold
3i'óku- to sit
3i'óókuu- to stand
3owó3nenítee Indian
wohéí okay, yes, so, well, then, next, allright (m)
woow already, now
wóxhoox horse
yeh, yehéíhoo gee whiz! (m)
yihóó- to go somewhere
'íi, 'íihéíhoo gee whiz! (w)
'íne okay, yes, so, well, then, next, allright (w)
'oo yes (w)

The Same List, Arranged by Word Type

Invariable “Particle” Words

hee yes (m)
héébe hello (m-m)
héétce'hóóhobé3en goodby, I’ll see you again later
hííko no
hiiwóonhéhe' now, today
hínee that
hohóú thank you
hóónoyoohóótowoo watch out for yourself! be careful!
howóh'oe wait! (m)
nehéíc come here!
néhe' this (animates only)
ne'éé wait! (w)
núhu' this
tous hello (m-w, w-w)
wohéí okay, yes, so, well, then, next, allright (m)
woow already, now
yeh, yehéíhoo gee whiz! (m)
'íi, 'íihéíhoo gee whiz! (w)
'íne okay, yes, so, well, then, next, allright (w)
'oo yes (w)

Intransitive Verbs, Inanimate Subject (II Verbs)

beeci- to snow
heséíse- to be windy
hesítee- to be hot
hí3eti- to be good (thing)
hoosóó- to rain
toyoo3óó- to be cold

Intransitive Verbs, Animate Subject (AI Verbs)

béne- to drink
betéee- to dance
béteenéíhi- to be holy
bii3íhi- to eat
cebísee- to walk
ceh'é3tii- to listen to s.t., to obey
cííntii- to stop doing s.t.
heenéti- to speak
héntoo- to be located, be at, live at, stay
hésnéé- to be hungry
hinóno'éíni- to be Arapaho
hinóno'éíti- to speak Arapaho
hííne'étii- to live
hi3éíhi- to be good (person)
hí3oobéí- to be correct, right, to tell the truth
hoo3ítee- to tell a story
neetéíhi- to be tired
níhi'kóóhu- to run
niibéi- to sing
niisí3ei- to work
ni'í3ecoo- to be happy
nokóóyei- to be thirsty
3i'óku- to sit
3i'óókuu- to stand
yihóó- to go somewhere

Animate Nouns

beh'éíhehi' old man
betébi old woman
bííkousíís moon
he3 dog
hiisíís sun
híí3einóón buffalo, buffalo herd
hinén man
hinenítee person
hísei woman
hotíí car, wheel, wagon
tecénoo door
téí'yoonéhe' child
nih'óó3oo White person
3owó3nenítee Indian
wóxhoox horse

Inanimate Nouns

béí'ci3éí'i money
beténeyóoó one’s body
bííto'ówu' land, earth
bíí3wo food
bóoó road
híísi' day
hoo3ítoo story
hóseihóowu' Sun Dance Lodge, Offerings Lodge
ho'óowu' house

Transitive Verbs, Inanimate Object (TI Verbs)

he'ín- to know s.t.
nii3ín- to have in one’s possession
noohóót- to see s.t.

Transitive Verbs, Animate Object (TA Verbs)

biin- to give s.o. s.t.
bíxoo3- to love s.o.
ceh'é3ih- to listen to s.o., obey s.o.
hééteenew- to respect s.o.
héí'towuun- to tell s.o. s.t.
he'ínon- to know s.o.
hoo3ítoon- to tell a story to s.o.
nííteheiw- to help s.o.
níí3oon- to accompany s.o., go with s.o.
nóóhow- to see s.o.

Prefixes

béét- want to...
héet- where (statement, as in ‘that’s where I’m living’)
hééti- indicate future
heesi- what (statement, as in ‘that’s what I’m doing’)
hoowu- not
koo- indicates a question
nih- indicates past time
nii- indicates a general or habitual situation or event
níini'i- able to...
toot- where (makes a question)
tousi- what (makes a question)

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