S

 

 

 

 

 

SACK  niisiyoo3oo, pl. niisiyoo3oono; paper sack: wo3onohoee niisiyoo3oo

 

 

 

SACRED  it is sacred: beeteenoo', henee3oobee'; he (she) is sacred (holy): beeteet

 

 

 

SACRED LAND beteen biito'owu'

 

 

 

SAD  I am sad: hootowouu3ecoonoo (grieved), teneeneihinoo, teneeni3ecoonoo; I am always sad: niiteeneihinoo, niiteco'onteeneihinoo; don't be sad!: ciibehteeneihi

 

 

 

SADDLE   hooko'oox, pl. hooko'ooxno

 

 

 

SADDLE HORSE  anim. noun; teexokuunoox, pl. teexokuunooxebii, teexokuut, obv. sg; teexokuuton, pl. teexokuutono'; my saddle horse: neteexokuunooxebii

 

 

 

SAFETY PIN  honxowoo, pl. honxowoono

 

 

 

SAGEBRUSH   nookhoose' (one clump), nookhoosei(i)

 

 

 

SAGE  GROUSE  anim. noun; cenee, obv. sg. ceneen, pl. ceneeno'; male sage grouse: nonookusono'  (collectively)

 

 

 

SAGE  HEN  see: sage grouse

 

 

 

SAIL  I am sailing by: coowou'oonoo

 

 

 

SAINT STEPHENS  heeninouhu'  (means: "long robe place")

 

 

 

SALAMANDER   anim. noun; koohoyeit, obv. sg. koohoyeini3, pl. koohoyei3i'

 

 

 

SALIVA betoo3et, wotoo3et; my saliva: netoo3et, notoo3et

 

 

 

SALMON anim. noun; niibo'oseinoeehit (nowo') (means: "red-meat fish"), pl. niibo'oseinoeehi3i'

 

 

 

SALOON  benoheino'oowu'

 

 

 

SALT niicoo'owu'

 

 

 

SALT  I am salting my food: niiniicoo'owtoonoo; I am salting it:

 

neniicoo'owtiinoo; salt it!: niicoo'owtii, neeniicoo'owtii (pl.)

 

 

 

SALTY it is (tastes) salty: neniicoo'owcoo'; it (anim. subj.) tastes salty: neniicoo'owceit

 

 

 

SALVAGE  I am salvaging it: woniiwootowoo; I am salvaging it (anim. obj.): wonniiwoo3o'; salvage it!: wonniiwootoo; salvage it (anim. obj.)!: wonniiwooxun

 

 

 

SALVE  xo'eiyoo', xo'oeyoo

 

 

 

SAME  it is the same: neneehiisoo'; they are the same: neneehii3ehi3i'

 

(anim. subj.) neneehiisou'u (inan. subj.)

 

 

 

SAND  neei, noobe'

 

 

 

SANDPAPER honoo'ooyoo', wo3onohoe

 

 

 

SANDWICH  nii3o3ouse', pl. nii3o3ouse'ii

 

 

 

SANDY  it is sandy: nonoobe'eini'

 

 

 

SANE  I am sane: hee'eihnoo, hee'inootinoo  (know)

 

 

 

SANTA CLAUS  nonookoneebe'eit 

 

 

 

SATAN  anim. noun; hoocoo, obv. sg. hoocoon,  pl. hoocoono'

 

 

 

SATCHEL  ce'eino, ce'einox, pl. ce'einono, ce'ei'oo3o; small satchel: ce'eino3ehe', pl. ce'e'ino3oh'o

 

 

 

SATISFY  I am satisfied: heniixowooteih(i)noo; be satisfied!: hiixowooteihi

 

 

 

SATURDAY   it is Saturday: hooxobeti', hooxobetiiniisiini' (means: "butchering day"); on Saturday: hooxobetiiniisiini'ehk, hoxbeti'ehk

 

 

 

SAUCER  se'nooonehe' (means: "small plate")

 

 

 

SAVE  I am saving (something for future use): hee'neetohunoo, hee'neetiinoo; I am saving it for him (her): hee'neetono'; save it for me!: hee'neetoni; save it for him (her)!: hee'neetonin

 

 

 

SAW  (tool) tebexonoo, pl. tebexonono; this saw is dull (not sharp) : hoowtoxu'oo' nuhu' tebexonoo;  this saw is sharp: tooxu'oo' nuhu' tebexonoo

 

 

 

SAW  I am sawing: teeb(e)xoneenoo; I am sawing it: niitebexowoo teebexowoo; I am sawing it (anim. obj.): niitebeso', teebeso'; saw it!: tebexoo, (anim. obj.) tebesin

 

 

 

SAY  I am saying it: niihiinoo; he (she) said it: niihnihiit; say it!: nihii; don't say it!: ciibehnihii; he (she) said (in trad. narratives): heehehk; I am saying "thank you": hohou nee'eesinihiinoo

 

 

 

SAYING  nihiit, pl. nihiitono; hei'towoo, pl. hei'towoono

 

 

 

SCALP  bei3ees, pl. bei3eesii

 

 

 

SCANDAL  my father is involved in a scandal: neisonoo wooxeineesi'

 

 

 

SCARE  I am scared: neneinoo'oonoo; I am running away scared: tookhonoo; I am scaring you: neneihe3en; I am scaring him (her): neneiho',  hiiso'ono' (of an animal); he (she) is scaring him (her): neneihoot; don't scare me!: ciibeh(cih)neihi; scare him (her)!: neihen

 

 

 

SCARF  wo'ein, pl. wo'einono; niise'eici, pl. niise'eichino

 

 

 

SCATTER  I am scattering it: niih'eikuutiinoo; it is scattered: nooh'eisise'

 

 

 

SCHOOL  neyei3eino'oowu'; at school: neyei3eino'oowuu'; I am going to school: neeyei3einoo, neeyeitiinoo  (also means: "counting" and  "reading")

 

 

 

SCHOOL BUS  anim. noun; nihoonotii, pl. nihoonotiiwo' (means : " yellow wagon," or wheel" ); neyei3einotii  

 

 

 

SCISSORS ko'(u)xonoo, pl. ko'(u)xonoono

 

 

 

SCOLD  I am scolding you: neniinih'oube3en; I am scolding him  (her): neniinih'ouwo'; he (she) is scolding him (her): neniinih'ouwoot, neniinih'oubeit

 

 

 

SCORPION  anim. noun; niikohkoheit biisee, besoone'einih'oo3oo

 

 

 

 

 

SCOUT  nokooniinen;  I am scouting (for enemies): nootikoninoo

 

 

 

SCRAPE  I am scraping it (off e.g., hide): hooxoxohowoo; I am scraping it (anim. obj.): hooxoxohe'; scrape it!: hoxoxohoo

 

 

 

SCRAPE (skin abrasion) hooxoxhou'; I have a scrape (on my skin): xooxousinenoo:

 

 

 

SCRATCH  I am scratching him (her): kou'(u)ci3o', ceesiceno'; he (she) is scratching me: (konoo)kou'(u)ci3einoo; he (she) is scratching him (her): kou'(u)ci3oot; scratch me!: kou'(u)cisi; scratch him (her)!: kou'(u)cisin; scratch my back!: cesikoo'eeni; he (she) is scratching my face: kou'eineinoo

 

 

 

SCREAM  I am screaming: tonooyeitowoo; he (she) is screaming: tonooyeito'; he (she) screamed: nihtooyeito'; I am screaming on and on: tonooyeineetiinoo

 

 

 

SCREEN  ciih'oeese'

 

 

 

SCREW  nih'otoo'ohoe, pl. nih'otoo'ohoeno; hootoohoe, pl. hootoohoeno

 

 

 

SCREW  I am screwing it: niih'ootoo'ohowoo; I am screwing her (slang): toonci3o'

 

 

 

SCROTUM  kosoo

 

 

 

SCUM  3eneeyoxesno

 

 

 

SCYTHE  ko'oosohoe, pl. ko'(o)sohoeno

 

 

 

SEA  heetec, pl. heetecii

 

 

 

SEAGULL  anim. noun; heetecii'eihii

 

 

 

SEARCH  I am searching for him (her): nonoonoti'ono', nootiiho'; I am searching for it: nootiinowoo; 

 

 

 

SEASHELL  bei 'i, beii, pl. bei'ii

 

 

 

SEAT (car)  3i'okuutoo, pl. 3i'okuutoono, 3io'kuutooo, pl. 3io'kuutoono

 

 

 

SECOND  do it the second time!: neniisi'owoo nee'eestoo; the second cow: neniisi'owoot wookec; the second arrow: neniisi'owoo' ho3 (inan.)

 

 

 

SECOND (the motion) niihniisio'

 

 

 

SECRETARY  anim noun; wo3onoheihii 

 

 

 

SECRETLY hiibineeniihi'; I eat secretly: niibineebii3ihnoo; he (she) is walking over there secretly: heniibineeseet

 

 

 

SEE  I see him (her): nonoohowo'; I see it: nonoohootowoo; he (she) sees it: nonoohooto'; we see each other: nonoohobetino'; they see me: nonoohowu3i'; the chief sees this man's wife: neecee nonoohowoot nuhu'inenin hiniinin; he (she) is said to have seen: hee'ihnoohoot; do you see it?: koohonoohoot; I will see you again: (hi3) heetce'noohobe3en; he (she) sees very well: neesookut

 

 

 

SEED  3ooxuu (pl.) 

 

 

 

SEEM  it seems, seemed: wootii; it seems that he (she) is sick: wootiheessowobe'  

 

 

 

SEIZE  I am seizing him (her): heniisiiteno', hii3kuu3o'; I am seizing it: hii3kuutiinoo  

 

 

 

SEIZURE he (she) is having a seizure: woowouunoo'oot; he (she) had a seizure: nihwowouunoo'oot

 

 

 

SELDOM  heenee'iihi'

 

 

 

SELECT  I am selecting him (her), it carefully: heneeneyeixoheinoo

 

 

 

SELFISH I am selfish: ceniiko'ooteihinoo; don't be selfish!: ciibehciiko'ooteihi  (see: STINGY)

 

 

 

SELL  I am selling him (her), it: henii'otooneenoono'; sell it!: hii'otooneee

 

 

 

SELLER  anim. noun; hotooneihii

 

 

 

SEND I will send it to you: heetnehsei'ikuutone3en; send it to me! sei'ikuutoni

 

 

 

SENTENCE  I am sentencing you: honooxuwuhe3en; he (she) was sentenced nih'ooxuuheiht

 

 

 

SENTRY honoyoohoo3eihii, pl. honoyoohoo3eihiiho'

 

 

 

SEPARATE  I am separated from my wife (male speaking): ceniiniiniininoo; I am separated from my husband (woman speaking): ceniiniisnoo; they are separated: neeyeissee3i'

 

 

 

SEPARATE  it is separate (set apart): cei'isoo'

 

 

 

SEPTEMBER  niihonkoo'  (refers to:   : "yellow leaves")

 

 

 

SERIOUS  he (she) is serious: honookonooneiht

 

 

 

SERVANT  anim. noun; ho3io', pl. ho3io'no'; my servant: noto3io'

 

 

 

SERVE  I am serving you (work for you): neniistone3en; I am serving you (food): hooxobe3en; I am serving food (e.g., in a feast): hooxo'eenoo

 

 

 

SET  the sun is setting: hiisiis nee'iseet

 

 

 

SEVEN niisootox; seven cows: niisootoxu3i' wookecii; seven arrows: niisootoxei'i ho3ii

 

 

 

SEVENTEEN  (beteetox) niisootoxuuni'

 

 

 

SEVENTY  niisootosoo'

 

 

 

SHADE (tree-foliage shelter) ce'oeeyoo, toukoohoee, pl. toukoohoeeno; I am in the shade: tonoukousinenoo

 

 

 

SHADOW  anim. noun; betee3oo, obv. sg. betee3oow, pl. betee3oono'

 

 

 

SHADY  it is shady (affording shade): tonoukoyoo', tonoukouse'; it was shady: nihtoukoyoo', nihtoukouse'

 

 

 

SHAGGY  it is shaggy (dog): beniisi'eit

 

 

 

SHAKE  I am shaking: heehiinoo'oonoo, heehiikotiinoo; it is shaking: nonoh'oowunoo'oo'; I am shaking (from illness): hiis(i)behinoo; he (she) is shaking all over: beisnih'oowuno'oot; I am shaking you: konookonkuu3e3en; I am shaking it: konookonkuutiinoo; I am shaking him (her): konookonkuu3o'; he (she) is shaking him (her): konookonkuu3oot

 

 

 

SHALLOW  it is shallow: howteb(i)hih, howteb

 

 

 

SHARP  it is sharp (inan. subj.): tooxu'oo'; it is sharp (anim. subj.): tooxu'eiht

 

 

 

SHARPEN  I am sharpening it: tooxu'ohowoo; sharpen it!: toxu'ohoo, toxu'ohun (anim. obj.), toxu'usetii (inan. obj.)

 

 

 

SHATTER  I am shattering it, I have shattered it (e.g., glass): 3oo'ohowoo;  I am shattering it by smashing, throwing it: 3oo'usetiinoo

 

 

 

SHAVE  I am shaving (myself): koo'neebi'iistinoo; I am shaving him: koo'neebi'iiso'; he (she) is shaving him: koo'neebi'iisoot

 

 

 

SHAWL  cih'oosou

 

 

 

SHEARS  (sheep) shears: ko'uxonoo, pl. ko'uxonoono

 

 

 

SHED  hecexo'owu'

 

 

 

SHEEP  anim. noun; hote', obv. sg., pl., obv. pl. hoteii; big sheep: heebetote'

 

 

 

SHEEPDOG  anim. noun; hoteine3

 

 

 

SHEEPHERDER  anim. noun; hoteine'co'eihii, pl. hoteine'co'eihiiho'

 

 

 

SHEETROCK (or any flat surface nailed onto something) see'3iixohu'

 

 

 

SHELF  hou3oo, hou3o'o, pl. hou3oono

 

 

 

SHELL  seashell: bei'i, beii, pl. bei'ii; shell of a bullet: kokiyono3

 

 

 

SHELTER  hoyeihowoot; it is sheltered: hooyeinoo'

 

 

 

SHIELD  heecei'

 

 

 

SHIN  anim. noun; woxos, pl. woxosono'; my shin: noxos; his (her) shin: hixoson (obv.); on his (her) shin: hixosone'

 

 

 

SHINY it is shiny: noo'kosoo', noohokosoo', noohokesoo'; it is shiny (anim. subj.): noo'koseiht, noohokoseiht

 

 

 

SHIP  3iiw, pl. 3iiwono

 

 

 

SHIRT biixuut, pl. biixuutono; my shirt: nebiixuut; his (her) shirt: hibiixuut

 

 

 

SHIT  I shit on it: benii3itowoo; I am taking a shit: beniihiinoo

 

 

 

SHIVER I am shivering: heehiino'oonoo; I shiver (habitually): neehiikotiinoo

 

 

 

SHOCK  I have received a shock (electrical): heniici3ino'oonoo

 

 

 

SHOE  wo'oh, pl. wo'ohno; my shoes: nowo'ohno

 

 

 

SHOE  I am shoeing (a horse): woo'(o)xeino'; I am shoeing it (anim. obj.): woo'(o)xeeno', woo'(o)xoeno'; I am shoeing them: woo'(o)xeenouu; shoe it!: wo'(o)xoeenin

 

 

 

SHOELACE anim. noun; wohuuk, pl. wohuukuno'; I am tying a shoelace: wohuukutiinoo

 

 

 

SHOEMAKER  anim. noun; wo'ohneihii, pl. wo'ohneehiiho'

 

 

 

SHOE POLISH  xo'ohee, xo'ohhoe

 

 

 

SHOOT I am shooting (I have fired a shot): cooboonoo; I am shooting (repeatedly): conoocoboonoo; I shoot (I can shoot): niicoboonoo, niicoocoboonoo; I am shooting (at) him (her): cebin; I am shooting at you: ceebi3en; I am shooting at it, them: ceebitowoo; shoot (at) him!: combo; shoot (at) it!: cebtoo; don't shoot (at) me!: ciibeh(cih)cebi; I am shooting at you with an arrow: neic heni'cebi3en

 

 

 

 

 

SHORT he (she) is short: too'ohuht, cee'ehiht; it is short: too'eihi', too'oee'

 

 

 

SHORTCUT  hoxowuuhu'; I will take a shortcut: heetnooxowuseenoo; he (she) is taking a shortcut: hooxowkoohut (running or by car), hooxowkoohuuheit (on horseback)

 

 

 

SHORTEN  it (e.g., a person's name) is shortened: niitou'kuuhu';  it was shortened (e.g., a meeting): nihtoe'ini'

 

 

 

SHORTENING  (in cooking) cebitee, no3oncebitee

 

 

 

SHORTS  to'otoo; he (she) is wearing shorts: to'otooheet

 

 

 

SHOSHONE  Shoshone male: sosoni'iinen; Shoshone woman: sosoni'isei; Shoshone (collectively): sosoni'ii; Shoshone tribe: sosoni'iiteen

 

 

 

SHOSHONI  (Wyoming)  sosoni'

 

 

 

SHOULD maybe I should sleep: heneinok(o)hunoo; maybe I should eat: nooxeihi' bii3ihnoo; maybe I should drink: nooxeihi' benenoo

 

 

 

SHOULDER bece'eenoo; my shoulder: nece'eenoo; his (her) shoulder: hice'eenoo

 

 

 

SHOUT  I am shouting: beneeseineetiinoo; I am shouting to be heard (as in announcing): nonooxuneenoo; I am shouting at him (her) in a rage: neneenih'ouwo'

 

 

 

SHOVEL  se'bei'ci3e', pl. se'bei'ci3ei

 

 

 

SHOW  I am showing you something (anim. or inan. obj.): heniixoohoo3ihe3en;

 

I showed him (how to proceed, etc.): nih'iixoohoo3iho'; show me!: hiixoohoo3ihi

 

 

 

SHOW  I will go to a show: heetwooneesooku'oonoo; we will go to a show (incl. pl.): heetwooneesooku'oono'; let's go to a show!: hehwoneesooku'oon

 

 

 

SHRED  shredded meat (pounded): 3o'ohcoono

 

 

 

SHRINK  it shrinks: nenih'ookoonee'

 

 

 

SHRIVEL  it is shriveling (due to heat): honookowooneetee'

 

 

 

SHRUB  coo'oo'oee', coo'oo'ee', pl. coo'oo'ei'i

 

 

 

SHRUBBERY  ciineyoono

 

 

 

SHUT  I am shutting the door: hoowuuteeyeinooo; shut the door!: ho'obenoo; shut up!: teitoonoku

 

 

 

 

 

SHY  I am shy: noototeihinoo; don't be shy!: ciibeh'ototeihi

 

 

 

SIBLING my sibling of the opposite sex: netesei; my younger sibling: neehebehe'

 

 

 

SIBLING-IN-LAW my sibling-in-law of the opposite sex: nei3ebi; voc. nei3oboo

 

 

 

SICK  I am sick: heesowobeih(i)noo, neihoowuni'oubeih; he (she) is sick: heesowobeiht; don't be sick!: ciibeh'esowobeihi; he (she) is often sick: neenesowobeiht; he (she) is not well: ciini'ouubeiht:

 

 

 

SICKLE  ko'osohoe

 

 

 

SICKNESS hesowobeheiit

 

 

 

SIFT  I am sifting it (e.g., flour): beneexu'kuutiinoo; I will sift it: heetbeexu'kuutiinoo

 

 

 

SIGH  I am sighing: neneetetouhunoo  

 

 

 

SIGHT  gun sight: sebeyohoee

 

 

 

SIGN  LANGUAGE  bee3osohoot, beessohoet; I am using sign language: benee3osohoeenoo; use sign language!: bee3osohoee

 

 

 

SILK  niixoosooti'

 

 

 

SILLY  I am silly: ceneeseihinoo; don't be silly!: ciibehceeseihi

 

 

 

SILVER nookubei'ci3e'

 

 

 

SILVER SPRUCE ni'iibootouu

 

 

 

SIMPLE  it is simple: hoowouuneenoo

 

 

 

SIN  I am sinning: wooxutoonoo

 

 

 

SINCERE he (she) is sincere: henee3oowu3ecoot; be sincere!: hee3oowu3ecoo

 

 

 

SINEW  hoote, pl. hootoho

 

 

 

SING  I am singing: neniibeinoo; I sing (I am a singer): neniibeihiinoo; I am singing for you: neniiboone3en; I am singing for him (her): neniiboono'; sing for me!: niibooni; I am singing a song: ne'niibootowoo niiboot

 

 

 

SINGER anim. noun; hiibeihii, niibeiinen, pl. hiibeihiiho', niibeiinenno'

 

 

 

SINGE  I am singeing it (anim. obj.): niikonohuxohe'

 

 

 

 

 

SINGLE  I am single: neihoowuunin (male speaking), neihoowuus (woman speaking); single man: hoowuuniin; single woman: hoowuus; they are moving in single file: neniiteisee3i'; move (pl.) in single file!: niiteisee'

 

 

 

SINK  I am sinking: hiinowou'oonoo; I sank: nih'inowou'oonoo; it is sinking: hiinowou'oo'

 

 

 

SISTER  anim. noun; my elder sister: nebi; (elder) sister (voc.)!: nebihoo: his (her) elder sister: hibio; my (elder) sisters: nebiho';  my sister: netesei (man speaker); his (her) sister: hiteseiw; sister (nun): heeninouhuusei

 

 

 

SISTER-IN-LAW  anim. noun; my sister-in-law (man speaking): nei3ebi, pl.

 

 nei3ebiho'; my sister-in-law (woman speaking): noto'u

 

 

 

SIT I am sitting: 3ii'okunoo; sit down!: ceenoku; sit down (pl.)!: ceenoku'

 

 

 

SIX niito, niitootox; six cows: neniitootoxu3i' wookecii; six arrows: neniitootoxei'i; ho3ii; it is six o'clock: niitootox noo'xoo'

 

 

 

SIXTEEN (beteetox) niitootoxuuni'

 

 

 

SIXTY  niitootosoo'

 

 

 

SKATE (on ice) I skate (I can skate): niini'siiwoheinoo; I am skating: seniiwoheinoo

 

 

 

SKILLET  ko'yeiyoo

 

 

 

SKIN anim. and inan. noun; wonox; pl. wonoxno', wonox(o)no; my skin: nonox; his (her) skin: hinox

 

 

 

SKINNY  I am skinny: wooxooneehinoo; he (she) is getting skinny (losing health): wooxoonoo'oot

 

 

 

SKIRT  hiseinobiixuut

 

 

 

SKULL  3iikone', pl. 3iikone'ii

 

 

 

SKUNK  anim. noun; xou, xoo, obv. sg., pl., obv. pl. xouu

 

 

 

SKY  hono'; in the sky: hono'u'

 

 

 

SKY BLUE   hono'ceneeteeyoo'

 

 

 

SLAM   I am slamming it (inan. obj.): nonoote'eisetiinoo; I am slamming it (anim. ob.): nonoote'eisiwo'

 

 

 

 

 

SLAP   I am slapping you: see'tebi'eihi3en; I am slapping him (her): see'tebi'eiho'; he (she) is slapping me: see'tebi'eihiinoo; he (she) is slapping him (her): see'tebi'eihoot, see'tebi'eihiit; slap him (her)!: se'tebi'eihin

 

 

 

SLEEP  I am sleeping: nook(o)hunoo; he (she) is sleeping: nookohut; he (she) sleeps (all the time): niinokoht; sleep!: nokhu; I sleep with him (her): niiniicoowo'; I am sleeping with you: neniicoobe3en

 

 

 

SLICE  I am slicing it: cii'oxowoo, soo'oeexowoo; I am slicing it (meat) see'esooneenoo

 

 

 

SLIDE  I am slicing: seniiwoheisibetinoo

 

 

 

SLIPPERY it is slippery: hiixoosoo'; it is slippery (anim. subj.): hiixooseiht

 

 

 

SLOSH he (she) is sloshing (through the water): wooteinokeet

 

 

 

SLOW I am slow: kooxo'ooteih(i)noo; it is slow: kooxo'oo3oo; time is passing slowly: konoo'eenoo3oo'; my watch is slow: nete'eyoo konoo'oeeseet

 

 

 

SLUG DANCE  nebeh'ei3tiinohwoot

 

 

 

SLY  I am sly: nenehtoneih(i)noo

 

 

 

SMALL  he (she) is small: heeceseiht, hookciihit

 

 

 

SMART  I am smart: hee'eihinoo; he (she) learns fast: ceiinenooneyei3itoot

 

 

 

SMELL it smells: niibenou'oo', beenou'oo'; it smells good: nii'boooti', nii'ibou'oo'; it smells bad: woox(u)boooti', woox(u)bou'oo'; I smell (I can smell): beenoo3einoo; I smell it (anim. obj.): beenoowo'; I smell it (inan. obj.): beenootowoo; he (she) smells him (her): beenoowoot

 

 

 

SMILE  I am smiling: hooxou'ei'oonoo; I am smiling at him (her): hooxou'ei'ootono'; smile at me!: hoxou'ei'ootonih

 

 

 

SMOKE  ceetee (from a fire); give me a smoke!: cih'iicoohu

 

 

 

SMOKE the fire is smoking. sitee xonou'oo'; don't ever smoke!: hiiciibeh'iicoo

 

 

 

SMOKY  it is smoky: konootee'

 

 

 

SMOOTH  it is smooth: hiixoosoo'

 

 

 

SNAIL  anim. noun; woo'oowoo3iibeihii, pl. woo'oowoo3iibeehiiho'

 

 

 

 

 

SNAKE  anim. noun; siisiiyei, obv. sg. siisiiyein, pl. siisiiyeino'; the snake is ready to strike: niiko'oo3oniit siisiiyei; the snake is coiled up: siisiiyei nonoononoutoosi'

 

 

 

SNAKE MEDICINE siisiiyeinoxu'u

 

 

 

SNAP  it (anim. subj.) is snapping at him (her): tooyowkuu3eit

 

 

 

SNARL  it (anim. subj.) snarls: 3oxoohowut

 

 

 

SNEEZE I am sneezing: hii3ibinoo; he (she) sneezes (frequently): nii3ibit; don't sneeze!: ciibeh'i3bi

 

 

 

SNEEZEWEED  3iwohoeeno

 

 

 

SNORE I am snoring: 3enii'oobenoo; he (she) is snoring: 3enii'oobe'; I snore: nii3ii'oobenoo; don't snore!: ciibeh3ii'oobe

 

 

 

SNORT  the horse snorts: woxhoox kooni'i3eebit

 

 

 

SNOT  anim. noun; be' ii ; my snot: ne'ii; his (her) snot: hi'iiw

 

 

 

SNOW anim noun; hiii, obv. sg. hiin;  there is snow on the ground: heniiniini'

 

 

 

SNOW  it is snowing: beneeci'; it was snowing: nihbeeci'; it will snow: heetbeeci'; it is snowing and melting: te'ceeci'

 

 

 

SOAK  I am soaking it: nenii'ou3etiinoo; I am soaking it (anim. obj.): nenii'ou3iwo'; soak it!: nii'ou3etii (inan. obj.), nii'ou3ibin (anim. obj.)

 

 

 

SOAP  he'hiisi'ohuut, hehiisio'huut

 

 

 

SOAR  it (anim. subj.) is soaring: (no)noononoo'oot  (circling)

 

 

 

SOBER I am sober (do not drink): neihoowoonsih'eb; he (she) has sobered up: heneeceho'oot

 

 

 

SOCK  wosouhu', pl. wosouh'uno'; my sock: nowosouhu'

 

 

 

SODA POP  niscih'ebiit

 

 

 

SOFT   it is soft: ceecihoo'; it (anim. subj.) is soft (flat tire): seneeneiht; it is soft (rope; anim. subj.): 3oo'ooceiht

 

 

 

SOFT DRINK  niiko'etee'

 

 

 

SOLDIER  anim. noun; beniiinen, pl. beniiinenno'

 

 

 

 

 

SOLE (of foot) se'eihtoo; my soles: nese'eihtoono

 

 

 

SON my son: neih'e; my sons: neih'oho'; son (voc.)!: nei; his (her) son: hiih'o; our sons: neih'ehinoo

 

 

 

SONG niibooot, niiboot

 

 

 

SON-IN-LAW my son-in-law: ne3e'ex

 

 

 

SOON  nohohooniihi', noxxoeniihi'

 

 

 

SORE  I am sore all over: nonoono'(o)xousinenoo; he (she) has sore eyes: wonoowoxookut

 

 

 

SORRY   he (she) is in deep sorry: heniinooo3i3ecoot, neniinooo3i3ecoot

 

 

 

SOUL  neeniit

 

 

 

SOUND it sounds, it is sounding: neniitooyoti'

 

 

 

SOUP  hokok, pl. hokokuu; did you have some soup?: kih'okokuh'eb

 

 

 

SOUR  it is sour: seniisincoo'; seniisnookut: it is sour

 

 

 

SOUTH   in the south: noowuhu'

 

 

 

SOW   I am sowing (seeds): ceniineyeinoo 

 

 

 

SOW  anim. noun: (swine) neniiteine3eneet

 

 

 

SPADE  se'bei'ci3e'

 

 

 

SPANK I am spanking him (her): neniinisikohe' (repeatedly), niisikohe' (once); he (she) is spanking him (her): neniiniskohoet; spank him (her)!: niskohun

 

 

 

SPARROW   anim. noun; hecesii'ehihi', nii'ehihi' nii'ehih'o', pl. hecesii'ehih'o'.

 

 

 

SPARROW HAWK   anim. noun; ciiciihii

 

 

 

SPEAK  I am speaking to him (her): heneeneti3o'

 

 

 

SPEAKER  anim. noun; heenetiihii, noooxneihii

 

 

 

SPECKLED  it (anim. subj.) is speckled: neenihhi'beit

 

 

 

SPELL  I am casting an evil spell: honooko'eenoo; I am putting him (her) under a (evil) spell: honooko'oo3o'

 

 

 

SPICE  pl. niinoonohkuhu'u; spices used in cooking: niinoonohkuu3wootiini

 

 

 

SPIDER  anim. noun; nih'oo3oo, obv. sg., pl., obv. pl. nih'oo3ouu

 

 

 

SPILL  I am spilling it (liquid, sand, dirt): konousenowoo; I am spilling them (anim. objects): konousenouu

 

 

 

SPINAL CORD hiti'iitoo

 

 

 

SPINE  wototooy; my spine: nototooy

 

 

 

SPIRIT  anim. noun; cei3wooo, pl. cei3wooono' (radio)

 

 

 

SPIT I am spitting: konou3heyeinoo;  I am spitting blood: bee'inkou3heyeinoo

 

 

 

SPLIT  I am splitting it: koo(h)'ohowoo; I am splitting it (anim. obj.): kooh'ohe'; I am splitting (chopping) wood: cih'ohuseenoo

 

 

 

SPOILED  it is spoiled: wooxuse', wooxoowuse' (liquid)

 

 

 

SPOON   anim. noun; heebiyoo, obv. sg. heebiyoon, pl. heebiyoono'; big serving spoon: heebeteebiyoo

 

 

 

SPOTTED   I am spotted: kookuteeneihinoo; it is spotted (pinto horse): kookuteeneiht; it is spotted (inan. subj.): kookuteeyoo'

 

 

 

SPREAD  hii3ohwoot (any spread, including butter, jam, etc.), pl. hii3ohwoot(i)no

 

 

 

SPREAD  I will spread butter (on my bread): heetnii3ohowoonoo nihooncebitee (co'coone')

 

 

 

SPRING  (source of water) hooxeb, pl. hooxeb(i)no; biisii'oo'

 

 

 

SPRING  (season) it is spring: be(e)nii'owuuni'

 

 

 

SPRINKLE it is sprinkling (raining): kooni'oosoo', kooni'oosooti', ceenoosoo'; I am sprinkling it with water: ceneeceneceikuutiinoo nec; I am sprinkling it (the lawn): seeyookoonootiinoo; sprinkle it!: ceeceneceikuutii

 

 

 

SPROUT  flowers are sprouting here: cee'ese'einou'u biisii'ou'u hiit

 

 

 

SPRUCE  see3

 

 

 

SPUNKY   he (she) is being spunky: noh'okooteiht

 

 

 

SQUARE kookoyoo'; it is square: kookoyoo'; they (inan. subj.) are square: kookoyou'u

 

 

 

SQUASH anim. noun; bexko', beihko', pl. bexkou, beihkou'u; bee3o'oubeet

 

 

 

SQUASH  I am squashing it (inan. obj.): seeyounowoo; I am squashing it, him, or her (anim. obj.): seeyouno'; (with my hand) seeyou'ono' (with my foot)

 

 

 

SQUAT I am squatting: coo'ok(u)noo; he (she) squats: niico'okut

 

 

 

SQUAWBERRY bee'ei'i

 

 

 

SQUEEZE  I am squeezing it: seeyounowoo

 

 

 

SQUINT I am squinting: seesiisnooku'oono ciibehsesiisnooku'oo; don't squint!:

 

 

 

SQUIRREL anim. noun; no'ou(h), pl. no'ouh'o'

 

 

 

STAB I am stabbing you: kooxkohe3en; I am stabbing him (her): kooxukohe'; he (she) is stabbing him (her): kooxkoheet

 

 

 

STABLE woxhooxuno'oowu'

 

 

 

STAFF (stick, rod) nouuse'eic3oo, nouute'eic3oo; (stick) bes

 

 

 

STAGGER I am staggering: heniinono'oonoo, niinono'oonoo (from drinking)

 

 

 

STAKE (pointed piece of wood) 3iixo'oe

 

 

 

STALL you are stalling: niineene3ooneihin; don't stall!: ciibehneene3oneihi

 

 

 

STALLION  anim. noun; nohoo, hiiwo3oox

 

 

 

STAMP (postage stamp) kohyeibi3oo

 

 

 

STAMPEDE they are stampeding: tookohuu3ei3i' (means: "they lost control," e.g., of horses)

 

 

 

STAND I am standing: 3ii'ookuunoo; he (she) is standing: 3ii'ookuut; stand here!: 3ii'ookuu hiit, huut

 

 

 

STAR  anim. noun; ho3o', obv. sg., pl., obv. pl. ho3o'uu

 

 

 

STARE  I am staring at you: noonoxotoohobe3en, nooxootoohobe3en; I am

 

staring at him (her): nooxootoohowo'

 

 

 

STAR  MEN  anim. noun; (men of the star lodge) ho3o'huuho', ho3o'uhuunenno'

 

 

 

START  I am starting a fire: wot(i)toneenoo

 

 

 

 

 

STARVE  I am starving: heesneenoo; I am almost starved to death: heeyehneetookooyeinoo; they starved: nihneetookooyei3i'; don't starve!: ciibehneetookooyei

 

 

 

STAY I am staying: nenee3o'oonoo; I will stay here: heetneeseentoonoo hiit; stay behind!: nee3o'oo

 

 

 

STEAK  hocoo, pl. hocoono

 

 

 

STEAL  I am stealing it (anim. or inan. obj.): heebiitenoo; I am stealing from you: heebiitebe3en; I am stealing from him (her): heebiitowo'; he (she) is stealing from me: heebiitebeinoo; don't steal from me: ciibeh'ebiitebi; I will steal everything from them: heetsiihouu

 

 

 

STEAM  it is steaming: xonouu'oo'

 

 

 

STEEL  bei'ci3e'

 

 

 

STEEP  it is steep: 3eniixobee'; it was steep: nih3iixobee'

 

 

 

STENOGRAPHER  anim. noun; wo3onoheihii (secretary)

 

 

 

STEP  houhuut, teesciiyei'iit, pl. teesciiyei'iitono

 

 

 

STEP  I am stepping down: honowciiyei'inoo; I am stepping up: teneesciiyei'inoo

 

 

 

STEW   hokok (soup)

 

 

 

STICK  bees, pl. bexo

 

 

 

STICKY  it is sticky: kouhuyoo'

 

 

 

STIFF it is stiff (anim. subj., e.g., rope): bee3o'ooceiht; it is stiff (inan. subj.): bee3e'ee'

 

 

 

STILL  be still!: teiitooneihi; sit still!: teiitoon3i'oku

 

 

 

STING  they sting (e.g., bees): niikohkohei3i'

 

 

 

STINGY  he (she) is stingy: ceniiko'ooteiht

 

 

 

STINK  I am stinking: beenou'oonoo, hooxubou'oonoo; I stink (generally): niibenou'oonoo; I stink offensively: wooxubou'oonoo; don't stink!: ciibehbenou'oo, ciibih'oxubou'oo

 

 

 

STIRRUP   3eiyooxut

 

 

 

 

 

STITCH  I am stitching it (inan. obj.): hooxyootowoo; I am stitching it (anim. obj.): hooxyoo3o'

 

 

 

STOMACH  woce'ot, pl. wocetotno; my stomach: noce'ot; his (her) stomach: hice'ot; the cow has four stomachs: wookec yeneineni'i hice'otno

 

 

 

STOMACH (four stomachs of a cow): (1) heete'nooo ; (2) biisiiwoono'; (3) wooce'ot; (4) niinooxoo;   all the stomachs: noo'oeeyoo; black strip near stomach: (xo)xoxou'ut

 

 

 

STONE  anim. noun; ho(h)'(o)nookee, obv. sg. ho(h)'(o)nookeen, pl. ho(h)'(o)nookeeno'

 

 

 

STONE MONUMENT  3i'yoo

 

 

 

STOP I am stopping (walking): tonoo'useenoo; I am stopping (running): tonoo'ixcohinoo; stop!: too'usee (walking, driving), too'oxcehi (running), too'uhohu (flying); I am stopping it (anim. obj., e.g., horse): tou'ci3o', tonou'ci3o'; he (she) has stopped it: tonoo'eno'; stop by!: hecih'eetebis

 

 

 

STOP  stops on a path: hiitootootuseeno'

 

 

 

STOPPER  (cork) hokohoe, pl. hokohoeeno

 

 

 

STORE  hotooneeno'oowu'

 

 

 

STORE  I will store (save) it: hee'neetiinoo, hee'neetouhunoo

 

 

 

STORM  there is a storm (it is storming): noo'uusooo'

 

 

 

STORY hoo3itoo

 

 

 

STOVE  sitee (fire)

 

 

 

STRAIGHT  it is straight: xonouubee'; he (she) is straight: xonouubeiht; stand straight!: xoubeekuu; straight arrows: xonouubei'i ho3ii

 

 

 

STRAINER  siiiceise3ooo

 

 

 

STRANGE  it is strange: heeneesoo'

 

 

 

STRANGER anim. noun; (male) henees(i)nen, pl. henees(i)nenno'; (female) heneesiisei, pl. heneesiiseino

 

 

 

STRANGLE I have strangled him (her): neneeci3o'; I am strangling him (her): heeciitooneeno'

 

 

 

STRAP  leather strap: woo3onesi', pl' woo3onesi'i

 

 

 

STRAW  ciin3o'oeyoo

 

 

 

STRAWBERRY anim. noun; (hi)teehib, pl. (hi)teehibno'

 

 

 

STREET kooxootee'

 

 

 

STRETCH  I am stretching it (e.g., rubber band): seniikooceinowoo; I am stretching it (anim. obj.): seniikooceino'; I am stretching it (without pulling, e.g., a rug): seniicenowoo

 

 

 

STRICT  he (she) is strict: kookonoo'obeiht, kookonoo'owooteiht

 

 

 

STRIKE I am striking you: too'obe3en; I am striking him (her): too'owo'; he (she) is striking him (her): too'owoot, too'obeit

 

 

 

STRING beeteyook, pl. beeteyookuu; wohooninook

 

 

 

STRONG  I am strong: tenei'eih(i)noo, tenei'einoehinoo

 

 

 

STUBBORN  I am stubborn: ceeceyooteihinoo; don't be stubborn!: ciibehcihceyooteihi; he(she) is not going to change my mind: heetneihoownenibkuu3e'

 

 

 

STUDENT  anim. noun; neyei3eihii, pl. neyei3eihiiho'

 

 

 

SUBSTITUTE  heetniisio'

 

 

 

SUCCEED  I have succeeded (I have accomplished something for my own benefit): ceneestowoonoo

 

 

 

SUCK  I am sucking it: neniicootowoo; I am sucking it (anim. obj.): neniicowo'; I am  

 

sucking him (her) (a patient): neniitono'; I know how to doctor by sucking:  

 

niinii3einoo; suck it!: niicootoo; I have sucked in (e.g., a fly): hii3konoowo'

 

 

 

SUCKER  anim. noun; (fish) nenseinetneenowo'

 

 

 

SUDDENLY kookoxuutenin

 

 

 

SUFFOCATE  I have almost suffocated: heeyeihneeto3oowunoo; I am close to suffocating: nooxowneeto3oowunoo

 

 

 

SUGAR  niisiscoo'; put sugar on it!: nisictoo, nisictii, hiinisictii

 

 

 

SUICIDE he (she) committed suicide: nihneh'etit; I will commit suicide heetneh'etinoo

 

 

 

SUMMER  beniice'; it is summer: beniice'; in the summer: biiceniihi'

 

 

 

SUN  anim. noun; hiisiis, obv. sg., pl., obv. pl. hiisiisii; the sun is overhead: 3oonoo3ooseet, 3oo3ooniseet

 

 

 

SUN DANCE (offerings lodge) hoseihoowu', hoseihiinohwoot; sun dance song: hoseihiinoot

 

 

 

SUNDAY  beteeniisi' (sacred day); when it is Sunday: beteeniisini'ehk

 

 

 

SUNDOWN  nii'ne'iseet

 

 

 

SUNRISE  nii'bisiseet

 

 

 

SUPPORT  I will support you (morally, or by being with you): heetnii3neniibe3en

 

 

 

SURE  I am sure: nee'ee3e'inowoo; are you sure?: koohenee'ee3e'in

 

 

 

SURGERY  I am performing surgery on him (her): konoo'e3eino'; he (she) is in surgery just now: woow neniisheet; he (she) will go into surgery: heetniisheet

 

 

 

SURPRISE  he (she) is surprised: ceneeciisheiht; I am surprising you: ceneeciisihe3en; I will surprise you: heetceeciisihe3en; he (she) surprised him (her): nihceeciisihoot; don't surprise me!: ciibehceeciisihi

 

 

 

SURRENDER  he'ihciinoo'eino' (means: "they laid down their arms), he'ihnoho'koohuno'

 

 

 

SURROUND  we are surrounding him (her), them: heniixoxo'noono'; they surrounded us: nih'iixoxo'neino' (incl.), nih'iixoxo'nei'ee3i' (excl.)

 

 

 

SURVEY  I am surveying it: tookohowoo (measure)

 

 

 

SUSPECT I suspect you: noo3oobeenebe3en; I suspect him, (her): noo3oobeenowo'; he (she) suspects me: noo3oobeenebeinoo; he (she) suspects him (her): noo3oobeenowoot

 

 

 

SUSPENDERS hooxuuciit;  my suspenders: nete3ebeekuu

 

 

 

SWALLOW I am swallowing it: hootowkuutiinoo; I am swallowing it (anim. obj.): hootowkuu3o'; swallow it!: hotoowkuutii; don't swallow it!: ciibehhotowkuutii

 

 

 

SWALLOW  anim. noun; (bird) biiteixoxouhuu, pl. biiteixoxo'uuho'

 

 

 

SWAMP  woxec, pl. woxecii

 

 

 

SWAMPY  it is swampy: wooxeciini', wooxecii'iini'

 

 

 

SWAN  nooksiisiic

 

 

 

 

 

SWAP  (trade) we are swapping them (anim. or inan. obj.): honooxeebiinetino'; swap it with him (her)!: hooxeebiinin; swap it!: hooxeebeii

 

 

 

SWAY  I am swaying: neeneece'oonoo; it is swaying: neeneece'oo'; don't sway it (e.g., bridge)!: ciibehneeneecikuutii

 

 

 

SWEAR I am swearing (taking an oath): henihkohoo'oonoo; I am swearing at you: konooteebinoo3e3en; don't swear at me!: ciibehcihkooteebinoxu;  niitoowoohut: pledge or oath

 

 

 

SWEAT kouwo'oot

 

 

 

SWEAT I am sweating: konouwo'oonoo, biisecei'oonoo; it is sweating (e.g., glass): konouwo'oonoo', he (she) is working up a sweat: konouwkoohut; he (she) is sweating profusely: nonooteceikoohut

 

 

 

SWEAT LODGE ciibeet, pl. ciibeetino

 

 

 

SWEAT LODGE COVERING ciibeetiiniiseyoo

 

 

 

SWEEP  I am sweeping: wootio'einoo; sweep!: wotio'eii

 

 

 

SWEEPER  anim. noun; wotio'eihii (janitor)

 

 

 

SWEET  it is sweet: niisiscoo'; something sweet to eat, drink: nisciixonoot, niscih'ebiit; sweets: nisikocoono

 

 

 

SWEET CLOVER  cebiii'ohuuho

 

 

 

SWEET DRINK niscih'ebit  (see: WINE, SODA POP)

 

 

 

SWEETEN  I am sweetening it: nenisictiinoo

 

 

 

SWEETHEART anim. noun; my sweetheart: nebii'o'oo; his (her) sweetheart: hibii'o'oon

 

 

 

SWEET SAGE (for ceremonial use) ni(i)'ibounookhooseii, pl.

 

 

 

SWEETWATER RIVER  hiinooxuunicie (means: "crossing river")

 

 

 

SWELL it swells: konoo'oo', niisono'oo'; I am swelling up: niisono'oonoo; he (she) swelled up: nihnisono'oot

 

 

 

SWIFTHAWK  anim. noun; heeyei

 

 

 

 

 

SWIM  I am swimming: coowouwunoo; I swim (I can swim): niinouwunoo,  niicowouwunoo; fish swim: nowou'u niicowouwu3i'

 

 

 

SWING I am swinging: neneeneecihnoo; I am swinging him (her): neneeneeckuu3o'; swing him (her)!: neeneeckuusin

 

 

 

SWING (children's swing) neeneechiit

 

 

 

SWITCH I am switching you (with a stick): niiskohe3en

 

 

 

SWITCH (whip) niscibes, niskohoe, pl. niscibexo, niskohoeno

 

 

 

SWORD heebetooxe  (means: "big knife")

 

 

 

SYMPATHIZE I sympathize with you (I pity you): hoowounone3en

 

 

 

SYPHILIS he (she) has syphilis: boo'hokoyeit

 

 

 

SYRUP  kouhuyoo'