D

 

 

 

 

 

DAM  hokouyoo heetohokouni' (means: "where it is dammed"); at, near the dam: hokouyoone'; it is dammed: hookouni'

 

 

 

DAMP it is damp: hiitoyoo', pl. hiitoyou'u; it (anim. subj.) is damp: hiiteyeiht; it is getting damp: hiitoo'oo'; damp ground: hiito'bee'; it certainly is damp here!: nenee3neeniitoyoo'

 

 

 

 

 

DANCE I am dancing: beeteeenoo; I dance: niibeteeenoo; they danced: nihbeteee3i'; they dance (in circular movement): nonoo'oenohowoo3i'; I like to dance: noowohbeteeenoo

 

 

 

DANCE  betooot;  round dance: koutohseinohwo'ot; wolf dance: hooxeihineniinohwoot; rabbit dance: nookhohwoot; dance performed during the sun dance: hoseihiinohwoot; slug dance: nebeh'ei3tiinohwoot

 

 

 

DANCE HALL beteeeno'oowu'

 

 

 

DANCER  anim. noun; beteiihii, pl. beteehiiho'; I am a good dancer: beeteehiininoo, niini'ohwoonoo

 

 

 

DANGEROUS  he (she) is dangerous: neestoonooteiht; it is dangerous;  neestoonoo3oo'

 

 

 

DARE  don't you dare!: honooyoo; don't you dare do it!: ciibehnee'eestoo

 

 

 

DARK  it is dark: biih'iyoo', benih'iyoo'; it is getting dark: biih'inouu'oo'; it was dark: nihbih'iyoo'; when it gets dark: bih'iyoohk; it was dark when we ate: nihbih'iyoo' tihbii3ihi'; he (she) has dark hair: woo'teennote'eiht'; I have a dark (brown) complexion: niisih'eihinoo, niisih'oxoneenoo; my shirt is dark: nebiixuut wo'oteennotehiini', woo'oteeyoo'

 

 

 

DATE  I am dating: beebii'ee'eenoo, cee3ixotoonoo; I am having a date with her (him): cee3ixoho', nenii3oono'; I date her (him): beniiniiyoo3oono'; he (she) is dating: cee3i'eet; they date each other: beniiniiyo3ooneti3i'; they are dating, cee3i'ee3i'; they are on a date (with each other): nenii3ooneti3i'; what's today's date?: tou'ouu3

 

 

 

DAUGHTER anim. noun; my daughter: notoone; your daughters: hotoonoho'; his (her) daughter: hitoono (obv.); his (her) daughters: hitoonoho; voc. notoo; I am the father of my daughters: hiinisonoonibi3i' notoonoho'

 

 

 

DAUGHTER-IN-LAW  anim. noun; my daughter-in-law: neeseb; voc. neesoboo (same as address for NIECE)

 

 

 

DAWN it is dawning: nooh'ooke'; just before dawn: niinoh'kono'; when it is dawning: nii'noho'ooke'; before dawn: niicisciinoh'ooke'

 

 

 

DAY hiisi', pl. hiisii(i); it is day: heniisiini'; it was day: nih'iisiini'; this day: nuhu' toh'uusiini'; middle of the day: 3oo3ooniisiini', koh'uusiini'; this is a nice day: hii3etii'iisi', nuhu'iisi' hii3eti'

 

 

 

DAYLIGHT  it is becoming  daylight: nonoho'ookono'oo', noh'ookono'oo'

 

 

 

DAYSTAR  anim. noun; hiisiino3o', pl. hiisiino3o'uu

 

 

 

 

 

DAYTIME (during) daytime: hiisiii'; it is daytime: heniisiini'; it was daytime: nih'iisini'

 

 

 

DEAL I am dealing cards: nonoo'oekuu3einoo tohtounono sei'kuu3oono; deal!: touyei

 

 

 

DEALER (in a card game) touyeihii; he (she) is the dealer: tonouno' (means: "he [she] is holding them"); I am the dealer: tonouyeinoo

 

 

 

DEATH   hiihooteet

 

 

 

DEBT I am in debt to you: honoo3ei'inin; I am in debt to him (her): honoo3ei'ineinoo; he (she) is in debt to me: honoo3ei'ino';  I am behind in my debts: hii3ino'oonoo notooxuuyonoo

 

 

 

DECAY it is decaying: 3oo'xouse', 3oo'xousi' (e.g., tree); it is decaying: hooxuse';  it has decayed: wooxuse' (flesh)

 

 

 

DECEIVE I am deceiving him (her): nenehtoniho'; he (she) is deceiving me: neehtoniheinoo;  he (she) is always deceiving me: niiteco'onnehtoniheinoo; he (she) is deceiving him (her): neehtonihoot

 

 

 

DECEMBER  honou3einiisiis (means: "Christmas month"), 3oo3ooncecniisiis (means: "middle of winter month")

 

 

 

DECORATE  it is decorated: niineyoo'uni'

 

 

 

DECREASE it (inan. subj.) is decreasing: neniiwo'oo'; it (anim. subj.) is  decreasing: neniiwo'oot; wild game is  decreasing: cese'ehiiho' neniiwo'oo3i';

 

 

 

DEDUCTION   ko'ou3oo

 

 

 

DEEP it is deep (water ): teebi'; it is deep (snow): teebiiinoo'; the mud is deep: ceeyoxesnoo' (refers to:   really fine mud); deep hole: ceeyooxhu'; the root is deep (in the ground): 3eici' ceyooxu'

 

 

 

DEEP FREEZE  nio'se3oo, toyoowse3oo (refers to:   refrigerator)

 

 

 

DEER anim. noun; bih'ih, pl., obv. sg. and pl. bih'ihii; deer hide: bih'io

 

 

 

DEFEND  I am defending him (her): nootoonoo3o'; I defend him (customarily): niinotooonoo3o'; he (she)defends him (her): niinotoonoo3oot; defend me!: cihnotoonooxu

 

 

 

DEGREE he (she) has a degree (paper): hiiwo3onohoenit

 

 

 

DELICATE  it is delicate: ceniinowouhuunoo'

 

 

 

 

 

DELIVER I have delivered it (inan. obj.): noo'uxotiinoo; I am delivering him (e.g., horse): noo'uxoho'; deliver it (take it over)!: 3ebixotii, yixootii; deliver him, it (anim. obj.)!: yixohunee

 

 

 

DEMAND I am demanding something of him (her): niihi'neetono'  (means: "coaxing")

 

 

 

DEMOLISH I am demolishing it: neneenontiinoo, 3ou'uuniitiinoo; I will demolish it: heet3ou'uuniitiinoo; demolish it!: 3ou'uuniitii; don't demolish it!: ciibeh3ouuuniitii

 

 

 

DEMOTE  he (she) was demoted: 3oononciineiht

 

 

 

DENVER  niinen niicie  (refers to:   "fat river", the South Platte River and Cherry Creek)

 

 

 

DEPEND I depend on you: nee'eenebe3en (always) niiteco'onhe'eenebe3en; I depend on it (now): hee'eeneetowoo, (as a rule) nee'eeneetowoo; I depend on my (monthly) per capita payments: nee'eeneetowoo necee'iyoono

 

 

 

DEPENDABLE  I am dependable: beebiitooteihinoo, niini'ee'eenebeihinoo (recent  expression)

 

 

 

DESCEND I am descending (on foot): honowuseenoo  (refers to:   walking down in elevation, or downriver)

 

 

 

DESIGN  it has a design (or color): hootehiini'

 

 

 

DESSERT nisciixonoot

 

 

 

DESTROY I am destroying it (inan. obj.): 3oowouunowoo; I  have  destroyed  it: nih3owouunowoo;  I have destroyed him, it (anim. obj., e.g., car): 3oowouukuu3o'; I will destroy it (anim. obj.): heet3owouuno';  he (she) is destroying (abolishing) it: neeneenontiit

 

 

 

DETACH I am detaching it (inan. obj.): ceesiinowoo; don't detach it ciibehcesiinoo

 

 

 

DETECT  I  have detected (noticed) it: 3onooxuunowoo

 

 

 

DETERIORATE  it is deteriorating: 3oowou'oo'; it has deteriorated: 3oowoyoti'

 

 

 

DEVIL anim. noun; hoocoo, pl. hoocoono', obv. sg. hoocoon; woseii (older expression, refers to:   bat's wings); neniiskoseit (refers to:   "cloven hoof"); he (she) is a devil: honoocooniinit

 

 

 

DEVOUR  he (she) is devouring it (anim. obj.): hootowkuu3oot; he (she) is devouring it (inan. obj.): hootowkuutiit

 

 

 

DEW  hiitoyoo' (means: "it is damp, moist")

 

 

 

DIAPER  tou'cihiit, pl. tou'cihiitono; I am putting a diaper on a child: tou'ci3o'; put a diaper on him (her)!: tou'cisin

 

 

 

DIARRH(O)EA  hesotoot; I have diarrh(o)ea: 3ii'iinoo'onoo, heesoteenoo; I have a stomachache and diarrh(o)ea: seesiinbee3ei'oonoo

 

 

 

DIE he (she) is about to die: ceeto'oot; I am dying: ceeto'oonoo, ceetoneihiininoo, ceeteihinoo; he (she) died: hee'ihnec; this man has died: nehe'inen  neece' heniihoote', koocoo'oteiht; don't die!: ciibehnece';   I am dying from hunger or thirst: neneetookooyeinoo; the fire has died out: honootonoo'oo'

 

 

 

DIFFERENT  it is different: cei'soo'; he (she) is different.: cee'eseiht

 

 

 

DIFFICULT it is difficult: honouneenoo'; he (she) is difficult: honouneihit; you are making it  difficult: ceecece3hein

 

 

 

DIG I am digging: nonooxoheinoo, nonooxci3einoo I am digging a hole: nonooxohowoo, (by  hand) nonooxcetiinoo; the dog is digging: he3 nonooxci3eit

 

 

 

DIGGING STICK biinohooo (same as: CROWBAR)

 

 

 

DIM  I am dimming the light(s): biih'inenowoo; dim it!: bih'inenoo

 

 

 

DIME  kookouniisouhu', niikokouniisouhu'

 

 

 

DIMPLE dimple in the chin: heto'oxko'onoo; I have a dimple in my chin: he'to'oxko'onoo;  person with a dimple in his (her) chin: heeto'oxko'o; dimple in the cheek: hete'cei'i'oonoo;  person with a dimple in his (her) cheek(s): heete'cei'i'ooneet

 

 

 

DIP  (in the ground) heeto'o'bee'

 

 

 

DIPPER hiitihiiniinoo', pl. hiitihiiniinou'u; Big Dipper: teebiiceso'o' (anim.); Little Dipper: heecesteebiiceso'o' (anim.)

 

 

 

DIRT  ho'

 

 

 

DIRTY I am dirty: sonooteihinoo; I am dirty (filthy): nonootoxehinoo; he (she) is dirty (muddy): hooxesiinit; it is dirty (dusty): hoo'uuni'

 

 

 

DISABLED he (she) is disabled: howni'eenii; I am disabled: neihoowni'eenii; disabled person: ciini'eeniihii

 

 

 

DISCIPLE  ceebe'nih'oo3ousoo hiito3io'no'   (means: "they follow Jesus")

 

 

 

DISCOUNT  he (she) is discountng it: koo'outiit

 

 

 

 

 

DISCUSS we are discussing it: kookoh'ouutiino'; let's discuss it!: hehkokoh'ouutin,   hehi'eenetin

 

 

 

DISEASE  hesowobehiit

 

 

 

DISH TOWEL hehiyoo

 

 

 

DISK  (farming implement)  3o'obe'eiyoo

 

 

 

DISSUADE  I am dissuading you: tootoube3en

 

 

 

DISTRIBUTE I am distributing them (inan. obj.): cenee'inowoo; I am distributing food (at a feast): cenee'nouhneenoo; distribute it, them!: cee'noo; distribute it, them (anim. objects)!: cee'ninee

 

 

 

DITCHER  (machine) kohouuhoee,   koh'ouuhoee

 

 

 

DIVE I am diving (submerging): hiinowouseenoo; I am diving off something: honoowceno'oonoo; I am diving (jumping) into water: senii'eiceno'oonoo

 

 

 

DIVIDE I am dividing it (inan. obj.): kooh'enowoo; you are dividing it: kooh'enow; he (she) is dividing it: kooh'eno'; divide it (into halves)!: koh'uuhu

 

 

 

DIVORCE  I have divorced him (her): konouteno'; I will divorce you: heetkoutene3en; I will divorce him (her): heetkouteno'; he (she) divorced her (him): nihkoutenoot; they are divorced: konouteneti3i'

 

 

 

DIZZY I am dizzy: neneini'enoo; I get dizzy: niineini'einoo; do you have dizzy spells?: keineini'ei; don't get dizzy!: ciibehneini'ei

 

 

 

DO  I have done it: ne'nih'istoonoo; that's the way I am doing it: nee'eestoonoo, neniistoonoo; do as I do: nee'eestoo; do it this way!: cihnee'eestoo; don't do it!: ciibehnee'eestoo, ciibeh'iistoo; what are you doing?: hee'iistoononi, heitootoustoo; I have done away with him (her): koocoo'o3iho'

 

 

 

DO AWAY WITH he (she) is  done away with (fired): konoutoneiht:;  they are done away with (inan.): konoutonou'u;  doing away with them (anim.): konoutonoo3i' 

 

 

 

DOCTOR  anim. noun; notoniheihii, pl. notoniheihiiho'; I am doctoring him (her): nootoniho'; he (she) is doctoring me: nootoniheinoo; he (she) is doctoring him (her): nootonihoot

 

 

 

 

 

DOG he3, pl., obv. sg. and pl. he3ebii, voc. he3ebiin, big dog: heebete3; small dog: he3ebihi,'; black dog: wo'teene3; white dog: nooke3; bird dog: nii'eihiine3; male dog: neecees; my dog: nete3ebiib; his (her) dog: hite3ebiiw (obv.); my dogs: nete3ebiiwo'; his (her) dogs: hite3ebiiwo; our dog(s): hete3ebiibin (incl.), nete3ebiibinoo (excl.); their dogs: hite3ebiibinoo; on his (her) dog: hite3ebiibe'; I have a dog: hiite3ebiibinoo

 

 

 

DOG LODGE he3owoowu'; members or veterans of the dog lodge: he3e'binenno' (pl.)

 

 

 

DOLL (commercial) bei'iisoo, (old-fashioned Indian doll made of  buckskin) neeniitoo, pl. neeniitoono' (anim.)

 

 

 

DOLLAR  neniiseti' (one dollar)

 

 

 

DONKEY tei3bih'ihoox, nookxoteihii, nonookhoteihii, pl. nonookxoteehiiho'

 

 

 

DOOR both anim. and inan. noun; tecenoo, obv. sg. tecenoon, pl. tecenoono(')

 

 

 

DOORWAY  tecenoone' (refers to:   the area around the door)

 

 

 

DOUGH nii3oxesnouyoo (anything one can  knead); my wife prepared some dough: netesih'e nihnii3oxesnouyeit

 

 

 

DOUSE  I am dousing him (her): tonousowo'

 

 

 

DOWN ceeniihi', 3ooniihi'; get down, come down!: hoowusee; (speaker is up), cih'oowusee  (speaker is  down); jump down!: hoowceno'oo (speaker is  up), cih'oowceno'oo: (speaker is  down); fly down!: hoowuh'ohu (speaker is  up), cih'oowuh'ohu (speaker is  down); climb down!: hoowo'uuhu (speaker is   up), cih'oowouuhu (speaker is  down);  look down!: ceennei'ooku'oo; walk down (from a hill)!: hoowusee

 

 

 

DOWNRIVER   hoowuniihiihi';  he (she) is going downriver (walking): honoowuniihiseet, honoowuniikoohut (driving) (as from Ethete to Arapahoe); he (she) went downriver: nih'oowuniihiseet

 

 

 

DRAFT HORSE   anim. noun; hitoohounoox

 

 

 

DRAG he (she) is dragging it (inan. obj.): hiitoo3iitiit; he (she) is dragging him, her, it (anim. obj.): hiitoo3iwoot; I am dragging something: hiitoo3ii3einoo, hiitoohuunoo; I am dragging a tepee pole: hiitoo3iwo'  hokoox  

 

 

 

DRAGONFLY anim. noun; cii'owoyeihii, pl. cii'owoyeihiiho', obv. cii'owoyeihio

 

 

 

DRAW   I am drawing (writing): woo3onoheinoo;  I am drawing it: woo3onohowoo;  I am drawing  him (her): woo3onoho'

 

 

 

DREAM  I am dreaming: kooneenoo; I dream: niikoneenoo; I dream about him (her): niikonoo3o'

 

 

 

 

 

DREAMER  anim. noun; koneihii, pl. koneehiiho'

 

 

 

DRESS  biixuut

 

 

 

DRESS  I am getting dressed: ceniitehee3einooo, cenii3ibiinoo; get dressed!: ciitehee3ei, cii3ibii; you had better  get  dressed!: nehciitehee3ei; I am getting all dressed up: neeyoo'uunoo; dress up (for a traditional dance)!: neeyoo'uu

 

 

 

DRIER (DRYER) hiixou'kuu3oo , pl. hiixou'kuu3oono

 

 

 

DRIFTWOOD ciiyoo'ouu3oo (one piece), pl. ciiyoo'ouu(3ii)3oono (collectively)

 

 

 

DRILL  I am drilling it: tooncitiinoo

 

 

 

DRILL  (tool) tonci3oo

 

 

 

DRINK  I am drinking (water): beenenoo (nec); I drink: niibenenoo; he

 

(she) drinks: niibene'; I  am drinking it: beenii3itowoo (nec); I am drinking  soup: hookokuh'ebinoo; I am drinking a sweet drink: niiscih'ebinoo; I drink (coffee): beebiiyeinoo (woo'teenoowu'); drink (it)!: bene; drink it up!: hotoobe; drink (coffee)!: bebiiyei (woo'eenoowu'); did you drink the soup?: kihben hokok, kooheih'okoku'eb; he (she) gets drunk: niinonsih'ebit

 

 

 

DRINK  beneet; my drink: nebeneet; give him (her) a drink!: benohun(ee); sweet drink: niscih'ebiit; pour me a drink!: cihbebiyoohu, cihbenohu; I am giving you a drink: beenohe3en

 

 

 

DRIP it drips: ceenii'oo' (in one place), woohnii'oo' (in several places)

 

 

 

DRIVE I am driving (a car): nonoo'eiyeinoo; I (can) drive: niinoo'eiyeinoo; I am driving it (anim. obj.): nonoo'eino'; I am driving it (inan. obj.): nonoo'einowoo; he (she) drives around: niinkoohut; where are you driving?: tootei'eikoo, tooteixkoo; where is he (she) driving?: tootiixkoo, tootii'iikoo; I am driving him (her) out: nonouso'ono'

 

 

 

DRIVER  anim. noun; noo'eiyeihii, pl. noo'eiyeihiiho'

 

 

 

DROP I am dropping it: ceesinowoo; he (she) is dropping it: ceesino';  I am dropping him (her): ceesino' ; he (she) is dropping him (her): ceesinoot; I drop things (habitually): niicesiyeinoo; he (she) dropped it: nihcesino'; don't drop it!: ciibehcesnoo; don't drop him (her)!: ciibehcesnin; drop by (visit)!: hetcih'ites

 

 

 

DROWSY I am drowsy: noowonenoo; when I drink, I get drowsy: beenenooni niinowono'oonoo; drinking makes me drowsy: niinowonnih'ebinoo

 

 

 

DRUM anim. noun; ho'eii, pl. ho'eih'o' , obv. sg. ho'eih'o; large drum: heebeto'eii; snare drum: koutoseino'eihi'

 

 

 

DRUM  I am drumming: wooteiho'yeinoo

 

 

 

DRUMSTICK  wooteiho'oyoo, pl. wooteiho'yoono

 

 

 

DRUNK I am drunk: noonsih'ebinoo; don't get drunk!: ciibehnonsih'ebit

 

 

 

DRUNKARD anim. noun; nonsih'ebiihii, pl. nonsih'ebiihiiho'; beniihii, pl. beeniihiiho'

 

 

 

DRY it is dry: heniixoo'ee'; it is getting dry: heniixoo'o'oo'; he (she) is dry: heniixoo'eiht; keep dry!: ciibehseyookoonee; it has become dry (by  heat): heeniixooneetee'; he (she) is drying it (e.g., a shirt): honoo'xoh'owoot; drying rack (e.g., for fruit): hiixoo'se3oo

 

 

 

DUBOIS  touhooneino'oowu'

 

 

 

DUCK anim. noun; siisiiko', siisiic (older form), pl. siisiikou'uu, siisiicii

 

 

 

DUCK  I am ducking: ceenenihcehinoo; duck!: ceenihcehi

 

 

 

DUCKFOOTED  I am duckfooted: konooko3eihteenoo

 

 

 

DUCKLING  anim. noun; siisiiciisoo, siisiikou'uusoo

 

 

 

DULL (not sharp) it is dull: howtoxu'oo, hiihowceyoonis

 

 

 

DUMB I am dumb (stupid): neihoowoe'ih; he (she) is dumb: hoowoe'ih

 

 

 

DUMP  I am dumping it: konousenowoo; dump it!: kousenoo

 

 

 

DUMP (a place, where materials are dumped)  ciinwoti'eyoot, ciinwoti'eyoo

 

 

 

DUNG  (animal feces) biihi3, pl. biihi3ii

 

 

 

DUSTY it is dusty: ho'uuni' (e.g., from chalk), konoo'ouu3oo' (e.g.,  on rodeo grounds); he (she) is dusty: hoo'uunit

 

 

 

DWARF anim. noun; cesiiteihihi'

 

 

 

DWELL where he dwells (lives): niitiine'etiit heetiiine'etiit; he dwells in that old house: heniine'iiito' hini' ko3einno'oowuu'

 

 

 

DWELLING  beyeihi'