OTPIC Officially Retired

As of December 2, 2005, the Online Training Program on Intractable Conflict (OTPIC) has been officially retired, and is no longer open to new registrations.

The successor to OTPIC is a course called Dealing Constructively with Intractable Conflicts (DCIC). The new curriculum is built around one of our major projects, Beyond Intractability, and offers a much more extensive and informative set of learning materials than that available through OTPIC.

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International Online Training Program On Intractable Conflict

Conflict Research Consortium, University of Colorado, USA

Treating Integrative Problems

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We use the term "integrative power" to refer to the power that holds people and societies together.  It is the bonds--the feelings of commonality, belonging, of respect-- that people have with others in their own "group."  (By "group" we mean family, or community, or religion, or workplace, or ethnicity--any source of identity that helps people feel as if they are part of one group, which is distinct from another.)  Although it is not commonly considered a source of power, leading conflict theorist Kenneth Boulding argued that integrative power is potentially the most powerful form of power that there is--more so than exchange and force (which make up his other two "faces of power" in his book the Three Faces of Power.) As Boulding points out, even in war-torn societies, there are usually strong bonds between people on the same side.  Without such bonds, the group would disintegrate and continuation of the conflict through force would become impossible.   Hence, even force requires the integrative system to be effective, in some form, in order to operate.  The treatment options in the following list are all methods that can be used to strengthen relationships and thus the integrative system, which then can help reduce destructive conflict and enhance constructive confrontation of core issues.

Click here to see the full list of integrative treatment options.


Copyright 1998 Conflict Research Consortium  -- Contact: crc@colorado.edu