OTPIC Officially Retired
As of December 2, 2005, the Online Training Program on Intractable Conflict (OTPIC) has been officially retired, and is no longer open to new registrations.
The successor to OTPIC is a course called Dealing Constructively with Intractable Conflicts (DCIC). The new curriculum is built around one of our major projects, Beyond Intractability, and offers a much more extensive and informative set of learning materials than that available through OTPIC.
International Online Training Program On Intractable Conflict
Conflict Research Consortium, University of Colorado, USA
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Compensation and restitution are payments made to victims of conflict which are intended either to remedy the current situation or compensate for past losses (for instance loss of life) which cannot be remedied. These payments may or may not be monetary. In the United States, we have tried to compensate Blacks and other minority groups for past discrimination (and even slavery) by instituting programs such as affirmative action, which give preferential treatment to minority group members in college acceptance and hiring decisions. In South Africa and elsewhere, land restitution is intended to compensate people whose land was confiscated during the Apartheid era. Other forms of compensation or restitution include returning property that was confiscated or stolen, or acknowledging wrong-doing and the victim's suffering through commemorative events. Although restitution usually cannot completely undo the damage done in a violent or protracted conflict, it does serve as a formal apology--an admission that what was done was wrong--and it helps to make the lives of the survivors better, allowing for some degree of normalization and potentially reconciliation to take place.
Compensation can also help prevent conflicts. One common form of environmental conflict is what, in the U.S., are called NIMBY conflicts--for "not in my backyard." NIMBY conflicts develop when a new facility is proposed and people don't want it located near where they live. It might be a hazardous waste landfill, or a prison, or a factory, or a power plant. People tend to oppose the location of such facilities nearby, where it will potentially emit hazardous materials, add noise and traffic, or otherwise pose a degradation of the neighborhood. By offering to compensate the neighbors for any harm that occurs, NIMBY conflicts can sometimes be avoided or resolved relatively quickly, while, without the promise of compensation, they often drag on for years.
Rwanda: Accountability for War Crimes and Genocide--United States Institute of Peace - Special Report
Amnesty / Forgiveness
Human Rights/War Crime Problems
Illegitimate/ Excessive Use of Force
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