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Practical new guide on prevention of violence against children from WHO
Detail: The World Health Organization (WHO) issued a practical new guide called “Preventing child maltreatment: a guide to taking action and generating evidence” to help countries prevent violence against children. The report represents a paradigm shift from reaction to cases where maltreatment has already occurred to prevention.

UN Secretary-General's Study on Violence Against Children has shown that much of the violence endured by children aged 0-14 years occurs in the home at the hands of parents, caregivers, and family members. Such violence hinder children's health and development and can last well into adulthood, often negatively affecting health and increasing the risks of further victimization and becoming a perpetrator of violence. But research shows that child maltreatment can be prevented, and the need to increase investment in prevention is urgent and global.

Promising strategies include reducing unintended pregnancies; improving access to high-quality pre- and post-natal care; reducing harmful levels of alcohol and illicit drug use during pregnancy and by new parents; providing home visitation services by nurses and social workers to families at risk of maltreatment, and training parents on child development, non-violent discipline and problem-solving skills. The UN Study and the guide make it clear that responsibility for implementing such strategies lies with governments, and should involve other stakeholders, including non-governmental organizations (NGOs), research councils and the international community.

The report is available in a downloadable pdf format from following url:
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2006/9241594365_eng.pdf
Source: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2006/pr57/en/index.html
Date: November 15 2006