Note: this seminar is not yet approved.

The seminar will serve as a research and mentorship seminar, taught during the Spring semester, that specifically introduces the ongoing research on the Boulder campus related to the topic of Globalization and Democratization. Basically, we will examine ongoing research projects, looking at the research proposal, relevant literature, and current working papers from each project. Students will critique the project and design new investigations of these topics.

This seminar is required of all Globalization and Democratization Trainees. It is cross-listed in Political Science, Geography, Sociology, and Economics. Enrollment is with the consent of the instructor. PSCI-5223/7223 is a prerequisite.

Organization: The seminar is organized around ongoing research at the University of Colorado which relates to current thinking about globalization and democractization.

  1. Overview on Research Design [One Week]
    1. Readings:
      1. Most, B. & H. Starr. 1989. Inquiry, Logic, and International Politics. Columbia, South Carolina: The University of South Carolina Press.
      2. Cook, T. & D.T. Campbell. 1979. Quasi-Experiments, Design and Analysis Issues for Field Settings. Boston, MA: Houghton-Mifflin.
      3. King, G, R. O. Keohane, & Sidney Verba. 1994. Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  2. Diffusion and Spread of Democratic Structures [Two or Three Weeks]
    1. Research Proposal:
      1. O'Loughlin, J & M.D. Ward. 1995. "The Spatial and Temporal Diffusion of Democracy, 1815-1994. A Proposal to the National Science Foundation.
    2. Working Papers:
      1. Ward, M.D. & J. O'Loughlin. 1996. "The Diffusion of Democratic Structures from the End of the Second World War to the End of the Cold War," presented to the International Studies Association, April 17, 1996, San Diego, California.
      2. Gleditsch, K. 1996. "Aspects of Democratization: Economic Development, Spatial Autocorrelation, and Persistence in Time," Institute of Behavioral Science, Program on Political and Economic Change.
    3. What is Democracy?
      1. Readings:
        1. Burkhart, R. and M. Lewis-Beck. 1994. Comparative Democracy: The Economic Development Thesis", American Political Science Review, 88:903-910.
  3. Jaggers, K. & T. R. Gurr. 1995.Tracing Democracy's "Third Wave'' with Polity {III}", Journal of Peace Research, 32: 469-482.
  1. Lemke, D. 1995. "The Tyranny of Distance: Redefining Relevant Dyads", International Interactions, 21:23-38.
  1. Beck, N. & J. N. Katz. 1995a."What to do (and not to do) with pooled time-series cross-section data", American Political Science Review, 99: 634-647.
  1. Beck, N. & J. N. Katz. 1995b. "How not to be mislead by time-series cross-section data: {OLS} vs. {GLS-ARMA}," electronic manuscript, to appear in printed form in Political Analysis.
  1. Bollen, K.A. 1980. "Issues in the comparative measurement of political democracy." American Sociological Review 45, 370-90.
  2. Bollen, K.A. 1993. "Liberal Democracy: Validity and Method Factors in Cross-National Measures," American Journal of Political Science 37, 1207-1230.
  3. Dahl, R.A. 1971. Polyarchy. New Haven, Ct.: Yale University Press.
  4. Diamond, L., J. Linz, and S.M. Lipset. (eds.) 1988. Democracy in Developing Countries: Africa. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner
  5. Dixon, W. 1994."Democracy and the peaceful settlement of international conflict" American Political Science Review 88, 14- 32.
  6. Eckstein, H. and T.R. Gurr 1975. Patterns of Authority: A Structural Basis for Political Inquiry. New York: Wiley-Interscience.
  7. Hadenius, A. 1992. Democracy and Development New York: Cambridge University Press.
  8. Huntington, S.P. 1991. The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press.
  9. Inkeles, A. (editor) 1991. On Measuring Democracy. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books.
  10. Lipset, S.M. 1959."Some social requisites of democracy: Economic development and political legitimacy" American Political Science Review 53, 69-105.
  11. Lipset, S.M. 1994."The social requisites of democracy revisited" American Sociological Review 59, 1-22.
  12. Lipset, S.M., Seong, K.-R. and Torres, J.C. 1993. "A comparative analysis of the social requisites of democracy". International Social Science Journal 16, 155-75.
  13. Modelski, G. and Perry, G. III 1991."Democratization in long perspective" Technological Forecasting and Social Change 39, 23- 34.
  14. Moore, B., Jr. 1966. Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Land and Peasant in the Making of the Modern World. Boston: Beacon Press.
  15. Shin, D.C. 1994. "On the Third Wave of Democratization: A Synthesis and Evaluation of Recent Theory and Research" World Politics 47, 135-70.
  16. Vanhanen, T. 1984. The Emergence of Democracy: A Comparative Study of 119 States, 1859-1979. Helsinki: Finnish Society of Sciences and Letters.
  17. Vanhanen, T. 1990. The Process of Democratization: A Comparative Study of 147 States, 1980-1988. New York: Crane Russak
  18. Vanhanen, T. (ed.) 1992. Strategies of Democratization. New York: Crane Russak.
  1. How Does it Spread?
    1. Readings:
      1. Lichbach, M.I. 1985. Regime Change and the Coherence of European Governments. Denver, CO: Monograph Series in World Affairs, Graduate School of International Studies, University of Denver.
      2. Arrighi, G. 1990. "Marxist century, American century: The making and remaking of the world labour movement." New Left Review no. 179, 29-64.
      3. Bergesen, A. 1992. "Regime change in the semi-periphery: Democratization in Latin America and the socialist bloc" Sociological Perspectives 35, 405-13.
      4. Bollen, K.A. 1979. "Political democracy and the timing of development." American Sociological Review 44, 572-87.
      5. Bollen, K.A. 1983. "World-system position, dependency and democracy: The cross-national evidence" American Sociological Review 48, 468-79.
      6. Bollen, K.A. and Jackman, R. 1985. "Political democracy and the size distribution of income." American Sociological Review 50.
      7. Boswell, T. and Peters, R. 1989. "State socialism and the industrial divide in the world-economy: A comparative essay on the rebellions in Poland and China". Critical Sociology 17, 3-34.
      8. Coe, R.D. and Wilber, C.K. 1985. Capitalism and Democracy: Schumpeter Revisited Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.
      9. DiPalma, G. 1990. To Craft Democracies: An Essay on Democratic Transitions. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
      10. Dix, R.H. 1994. "History and democracy revisited." Comparative Politics 27, 91-105.
      11. Fukuyama, F. 1992a."Capitalism and democracy: The missing link" Journal of Democracy 3, 100-10.
      12. Fukuyama, F. 1992b. The End of History and the Last Man. New York: Free Press.
      13. Gastil, R. 1994. Freedom in the world: political rights and civil liberties. Westport: Greenwood Press.
      14. Geddes, B. 1994."Challenging the conventional wisdom." Journal of Democracy (October), 104-18.
      15. Gurr, T.R. 1974."Persistence and Change in Political Systems, 1800-1971. American Political Science Review 74,1482-1504.
      16. Gurr, T.R., Jaggers, K. and Moore, W.H. 1990."The transformation of the Western state: The growth of democracy, autocracy, and state power since 1800" Studies in Comparative International Development 25, 73-99.
      17. Gramsci, A. 1973. Letters from Prison. New York: Harper and Row.
      18. Haggard, S. and Kaufman, R.R. 1994."The challenge of consolidation." Journal of Democracy 5 (October), 5-16.
      19. Lake, D.A. 1992. "Powerful Pacifist: Democratic States and War," American Political Science Review 86, 24-37.
      20. Muller, E.N. 1985. "Dependent economic development, aid dependence on the United States, and democratic breakdown in the Third World." International Studies Quarterly 29, 445-69.
      21. Muller, E.N. 1988. "Democracy, economic development and income inequality." American Sociological Review 53.
      22. Muller, E.N. and Seligson, M.A. 1994. "Civic culture and democracy: The question of causal relationships." American Political Science Review, 88, 635-52.
      23. O'Donnell, G. and Schmitter, P.C. 1986. Transitions from Authoritarian Rule. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
      24. Przeworski, A. 1990. The State and the Economy under Capitalism. New York: Harwood Academic Publishers.
      25. Przeworski, A. 1992. "The neo-liberal fallacy" Journal of Democracy 3 (July), 45-59.
      26. Rokkan, S. 1975. "Dimensions of state formation and nation- building: A possible paradigm for research on variations within Europe" in C. Tilly (ed) The Formation of National States in Western Europe. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
      27. Rueschemeyer, D., Stephens, E.H. and Stephens, J.D. 1992. Capitalist Development and Democracy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
      28. Russett, B.M. 1993. Grasping the Democratic Peace. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
      29. Rustow, D.A. 1990. "Democracy: A global revolution" Foreign Affairs 69 (Fall).
      30. Schumpeter, J.A. 1950. Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, 3rd ed. New York: Harper Torchbooks.
      31. Starr, H. 1991. "Democratic dominoes: Diffusion approaches to the spread of democracy". Journal of Conflict Resolution 35, 6- 31.
  2. Transformation of Citizenship [Three or Two Weeks]
    1. Research Proposal:
      1. Staeheli, L. 1993. "Restructuring Local Democracy" A Proposal to the National Science Foundation.
    2. Working Papers and Publications:
      1. Staeheli, L.A. 1994. "Restructuring Citizenship in Pueblo, Colorado," Environment and Planning A, 26: 849-871.
      2. Marson, S.A. & L.A. Staeheli. 1994. "Restructuring Local Democracy: Citizenship, struggle, and political and economic restructuring." Environment and Planning A , 26: 840-848.
  3. Staeheli, L.A. & S. E. Clarke. 1995. "Gender, Place, and Citizenship." Pages 3-23 in J. Garber & R. Turner, editorss., Gender and Urban Research. Sage Publication..
  1. Staeheli, L.A. & M. Cope. 1994. "Empowering women's citizenship." Political Geography, 13: 443-460.
  1. Theoretical Perspectives on Citizenship
    1. Readings:
      1. Marshall, T.H. 1964. Class, Citizenship and Social Development: Essays by T.H. Marshall. (Doubleday, New York).
      2. Turner, B. 1990. "Outline of a theory of citizenship," Sociology 24(2): 189-217.
      3. Walzer, M, 1983. The Return of the Political. (Verso, London).
  2. Citizenship and Globalization
    1. Readings:
      1. Held, T. & A. McGrew. 1993. "Globalization and the liberal democratic state," Government and Opposition 28(2): 261-285.
      2. Smith, S. 1989. "Society, space, and citizenship: a human geography for the 'new times'?" Transactions, Institute of British Geographers 14:144-156.
      3. Baubock, R. 1995. Transnational Citizenship.
  3. Critical Perspectives on Citizenship: Who are "the people"?
    1. Readings:
      1. Sklar, J. 1991. American Citizenship: the Quest for Inclusion. (Harvard University Press, Cambridge MA).
      2. Marston, S. 1990. "Who are 'the people'?: gender, citizenship, and the making of the American nation," Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 8:449-458.
      3. Pateman, C. 1989. The Disorder of Women: Democracy, Feminism, and Political Theory. (Stanford University Press, Stanford University).
      4. Fraser, N. 1990. "Rethinking the public sphere: a contribution to the critique of actually existing democracy," Social Text 25/26:56-80.
  4. Democratic Accountability: Legitimation and De-legitimation in the Globalized Nation State [Five Weeks]
    1. Research Proposals:
      1. Greenberg, E. & L. Grunberg. 1995. "Global and Local Implications of Corporate Restructuring," a proposal to the NIAAA.
        1. Working Papers and Publications:
          1. Greenberg, E. & L. Grunberg. 1996. "Work Alienation and Problem Alcohol Behavior," Health and Social Behavior, in press.
          2. Greenberg, E. & L. Grunberg. 1996. "The Exercise of Power and Influence in the Workplace and the Sense of Powerlessness," Program on Political and Economic Change, Institute of Behavioral Science.
      2. Maskus, K. 1993. "Assessing the Trade Impacts of International Differences in Patent Regimes," a proposal to the National Science Foundation.
        1. Working Papers and Publications:
          1. Maskus, K & M. Penubarti. 1996. "How Trade Related are International Property Rights," Journal of International Economics, in press.
      3. Scarritt, J. 1995 "Democratization, Institutional Choice and Political Consequences: A Comparative Analysis of Constitutional Designs and Electoral Systems in Africa," A proposal to the National Science Foundation.
      4. Stone, W.J. 1995. "Collaborative Research on Candidate Emergence in U.S. House Elections," A proposal to the National Science Foundation.
        1. Working Papers and Publications:
          1. L.S. Maisel & W. Stone. 1997. "Determinants of Candidate Emergence in U.S. House Elections: An Exploratory Study." Legislative Studies Quarterly, in press.
      5. Stone, W.J. 1995. "Collaborative Research on the 1992 Perot Movement and Party Change.
        1. Working Papers and Publications:
          1. J.A. McCann, R.W. Partin, R.B. Rapoport, & W.J. Stone. 1996. "Presidential Nomination Campaign Participation and Party Mobilization: An Assessment of Spillover Effects," American Journal of Political Science, in press.
          2. Rapoport, R., W.J. Stone, & L. Atkeson. 1996. "Candidate Choices, Ideological Moderation, and American Nomination Politics," European Journal of Political Research, in press.
    2. The impact of global change on standards of living, occupational choice, and life chances in the developed world.
      1. Readings:
        1. Reich, R. The Work of Nations.
        2. Freeman, R. (editor) 1994. Working under Different Rules. New York: Russell Sage.
        3. Levy, F. and Michel, R.C. 1991. The Economic Future of American Families. Washington DC: Urban Institute.
        4. Phillips, K. 1990. The Politics of Rich and Poor. New York: Random House.
        5. Drucker, P. 1993. Post-Capitalist Society. New York: HarperCollins.
        6. Drucker, P. 1994. "The Age of Social Transformation," Atlantic Monthly, November.
        7. Greenberg, E.S. and Grunberg, L. 1995. "The Consequences of Corporate Restructuring," NIAAA Proposal, 1995.
        8. Wolff, E. 1995. Top Heavy. New York: Twentieth Century Fund.
        9. Kennedy, P. 1993. "The American Prospect," New York Times Review of Books, March 4th.
    3. The rise of popular anger and the politics of resentment.
      1. Readings:
        1. Greenberg, S. 1995. Middle Class Dreams. New Haven: Yale.
        2. Held, D. 1991. "Democracy, the Nation State and the Global System," Economy and Society, 20: 138-172.
        3. Dahl, Robert A. 1994. Democracy and Its Critics. New Haven: Yale.
        4. Phillips, K. 1993. Boiling Point. New York: Random House.
        5. Edsall, T.B & M.D. Edsall. 1991. Chain Reaction. New York: Norton.
        6. Hochschild, J. 1995. Facing up to the American Dream. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    4. Is Democratic Governance of Nation-States Possible in the Global Economy?
      1. Readings:
        1. Held, D. 1993. Democracy and the New International Order. London: IPPR.
        2. Dahl, R.A. 1989. Democracy and its Critics. New Haven: Yale University Press.
        3. Ringen, S. 1987. The Possibility of Politics. New York: Clarendon.
  5. Ethno-national Conflict [Three Weeks]
    1. Proposal:
      1. O'Loughlin, J. 1995. "The Transition to Democracy in Ukraine: State Building, Ethnic Mobilization, and Adjustments to a Market Economy." A Proposal to the National Science Foundation.
    2. Working Papers:
      1. O'Loughlin, J., S. Kolosov, & S. Holdar. 1996. "The Topology of Democracy in the Ukraine," Institute of Behavioral Science, Program on Political and Economic Change.
    3. Community
      1. Readings:
        1. Anderson, B. 1983. Imagined Communities. London: Verso.
        2. Connor, W. 1994. Ethnonationalism. Princeton, NJ; Princeton University Press.
        3. Hobsbawn, E.J. 1990. Nations and Nationalism since 1780. New York: Cambridge University Press.
        4. Hooson, D.J. (editor) 1994. Geography and National Identity. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell.
        5. Johnson, R.J. et alia (editors). 1988. Nationalism, Self-determination and Political Geography. London: Croom Helm.
        6. Sack, R.D. 1986. Human Territoriality: Its Theory and History.
    4. Ethnic Conflict
      1. Readings:
        1. Bremmer, I. & R. Taras. 1993. Nation and Politics in the Soviet Successor States. New York: Cambridge University Press.
        2. Gurr, T.R. 1993. "Why minorities rebel: A global analysis of communal mobilization and conflict since 1945," International Political Science Review 14:161-201.
        3. Gurr, T.R. 1994. "Peoples against states: ethno-political conflict and the changing world-system," International Studies Quarterly 38:347-77.
        4. Harris, C.D. 1993. "A geographic analysis of non-Russian minorities in Russia and its ethnic homelands," Post-Soviet Geography 34:543-597.
        5. Kolossov,V. et alia 1992. Ethno-Territorial Conflicts and Boundareis in the Former Soviet Union. Durham.
        6. Motyl, A.J. 1993. Dilemmas of Independence: Ukraine after Totalitarianism. New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press.
        7. Nairn, T. 1977. The Breakup of Britain. London: New Left Books.
        8. Robinson, J.P. et alia "Ethnonationalist and political attituted among post-Soviet youth: the case of Russia and Ukraine," PS: Political Science and Politics 26: 516-521.
        9. Scott, G.M. 1990. "A synthesis of the primordial and circumstantial approaches to ethnic group solidarity: Towards and explanatory model," Ethnic and Racial Studies 13:1476-171.
    5. Global Processes
      1. Readings:
        1. Dahl, R.A. 1971. Polyarchy. New Haven, Ct: Yale University Press.
        2. Diamond, L. 1994. "Towards Democratic consolidation.," Journal of Democracy 5(July):4-17.
        3. Horowitz, D.L. 1993. "Democracy in divided societies," Journal of Democracy 4(October):18-30.
        4. Huntington, S.P. 1991. The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press.
        5. Taylor, P.J. 1993. Political Geography: World System, Nation-State and Locality. London: Longman.
        6. Tilly,C. 1984. Big Structures, Large Processes, Huge Comparisons. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
        7. Tilly, C. 1992. Coercion, Capital and European States, AD 990-1992. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
        8. Wallerstein, I. 1991. Geopolitics and Geoculture: Essays on the Changing World-System. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  6. Student Presentations of First Drafts of Research Proposals [Two Weeks]

Schedule: The seminar will meet once a week during each of the 16 weeks of the semester at a time and place to be determined.

Assignments: The basic assignment is to come to class having read the materials for each session. You will be expected to participate in a critical discussion of the major issues raised in each of the individual readings as well as the issues that are raised by the readings taken as a set.

In addition, you will be expected to conduct one major literature related to one of the research projects discussed in the seminar.. This paper is expected to be a comprehensive, interdisciplinary, and critical. You will be required to approve the topic of this literature review paper with the course instructor prior to the third week of the seminar.

Finally, you will write a research design for independent research on this topic. This paper will be in the form of a research proposal, following the guidelines of the National Science Foundation (or some other appropriate funding agency). The first draft of this research design will be presented orally to the members of the seminar, as well.

Resources: Reading materials will be placed on reserve in Norlin Library; Books will be ordered for purchase at the University Book Store, the UMC Book Store, and at the Boulder Bookstore. A web-site is available with this syllabus and additional course materials as they develop. Point your browser to

Grading: Grading will be a weighted average of class participation, written, and oral assignments.

Instructors: This seminar will be taught by one of the following professors: Edward Greenberg (who will teach the inaugural year seminars, AY 96-97), Michael D. Ward, John O'Loughlin, Lynn Staeheli, Walter J. Stone, Thomas Mayer, James Scarritt.