Geography 5222

Fall 1998

"Continuities and Change in the Modern World Economy"

Semester I of the two-semester Globalization and Democracy Sequence

(cross-listed in Sociology, Political Science and Economics)

Coordinator: John O'Loughlin

To Contact Instructors:

O'Loughlin: 2-1619;

Greenberg: 2-2141;

Staeheli: 2-8877;

Mayer: 2-2138;

Bell: 2-0778;

Kubicek: 2-2128;

[This document is available for download in Microsoft Word 8 format.]

[Geography 5332: Spring Semester 1999.]


Purpose: This seminar introduces students to the burgeoning literature on the increasing globalization of economic, political and cultural processes. In particular, it examines the structure and processes of globalization, the impact of globalization on polity and society at all levels of scale, ranging from the local to the regional and international, and the interaction of globalization and democracy. The course is interdisciplinary, drawing on materials from economics, political science, geography and sociology.

The seminar is required of all Globalization and Democracy Graduate Trainees but open to other graduate students in political science, economics, geography and sociology as well, with the consent of the instructor.

Class meetings: The seminar meets on Thursdays at 5:00 – 7:30pm in the seminar room of IBS-2, 1546 Broadway.

Assignments: The basic assignment is to come to class having read and thought seriously about the materials for each session. Students are expected to participate in a critical discussion of the major issues raised in individual readings as well as those raised by the readings as a set.

Students are required to complete a two to three page, double-spaced summary/"think piece" that addresses the main issues in the assigned readings and at least two discussion questions to be considered by the class as a whole. The summary paper should be submitted to each of the seminar coordinators as well as the faculty member conducting that week’s seminar and the course coordinator (O’Loughlin) by 5:00 PM of the business day preceding the seminar (Wednesday). The paper may be in hard copy or e-mail form. Discussion questions should be distributed to all seminar members by e-mail. We will set up a list-serve for the class.

Students will also be required to write one major seminar paper. The paper may take one of two forms: a major literature review of some area of scholarship addressed in the seminar (preferred), or a complete research design/proposal related to the course content. Please talk to one of the GAD faculty and the course coordinator about your paper and have your topic approved by the end of the sixth week of the semester. If there is time, students will make an oral presentation of their paper and accept questions on the paper from other seminar members in the last session of the semester.


Course Readings:

The following books are required and may be purchased at the University of Colorado Book Center

Kenichi Ohmae, The End of the Nation State

Robert Gilpin, The Political Economy of International Relations

Robert Heilbroner, The Nature and Logic of Capitalism

Saskia Sassen, Losing Control

Robert Dahl, Democracy and Its Critics

Chantal Mouffe and Ernest Laclau, Hegemony and Socialist Strategy

Stephan Haggard and Robert Kaufman, The Political Economy of Democratic Transition

Peter Taylor, The Way the Modern World Works


The remainder of the books listed in the syllabus are on reserve in Norlin library.


Copies of the required articles will be made available on an individual basis for seminar participants. They will be stored in an office in IBS-2.

Office Hours: There are no scheduled office hours; the coordinator and the GAD faculty are in the building for most of the day (9am- 6pm) and are generally available. Please call for a specific appointment or make contact by e-mail.

Colloquium: A GAD colloquium series of CU faculty, student and invited scholars will be held every second Friday at noon – 1:15pm in IBS-3 during the semester, beginning on September 18. These colloquia are largely keyed to topics relevant to the seminar and the scheduled is listed on the IBS colloquium page. These sessions are required for seminar participants.

Weekly Schedule and Reading Assignments

Part I: The Global Economy and the Nation-State

1. Introductory session (8/27)(O'Loughlin)

Introduction to the main themes of the seminar, organizational issues, student expectations and paper requirements. Introduction of the GAD faculty.

Separately : read K. Ohmae, The End of the Nation State [All registered students will be expected to have read this book prior to the first seminar session. It raises in a particularly provocative way many of the issues we shall address in the seminar]


2. Capitalism: Nature, Logic and History (9/3)(O'Loughlin)

R. Gilpin, The Political Economy of International Relations, ch. 1

R. Heilbroner, The Nature and Logic of Capitalism, chs. 1-3

P.J. Taylor, The Way the World Works, chs 1-3

3. Alternative Perspectives on the Global Economic and Political System: Liberalism, Realism and Marxism (including World Systems) (9/10) (Mayer)

R. Gilpin, The Political Economy of International Relations chs. 2 and 3

D. Harvey, "Globalization in Question," Rethinking Marxism, 1995, 8:1-17.

E. Mandel, Marxist Economic Theory, ch. 13.

T. Mayer, Analytical Marxism, pp. 131-171 (Class)

I. Wallerstein, The Capitalist World Economy, pp.1-36

T. Skocpol, "Wallerstein's world capitalist system: a theoretical and historical critique" American Journal of Sociology, 82, pp.1075-90.

4. Instruments of Globalization

A. Transnational Corporations and Foreign Direct Investment (9/17)(Greenberg)

Bornschier, Chase-Dunn and Rubinson, "Cross-National Evidence of the Effects of Foreign Investment and Aid on Economic Growth and Inequality," American Journal of Sociology, 1978, 84:651-684G.

R. Gilpin, The Political Economy of International Relations, ch. 6.

L.W. Pauly and S. Reich, "National Structures and Multinational Corporate Behavior: Enduring Differences in the Age of Globalization," International Organization, 51, 1, Winter, 1997.

J. Stopford and S. Strange, Rival States, Rival Firms, chs 1-3.

S. Sassen, The Global City, ch. 3.

B. Trade (9/24)( with Keith Maskus)

J. Bhagwati and H. Daley debate in Scientific American , Nov. 1993.

P. Dicken, Global Shift, ch. 2.

R. Gilpin The Political Economy of International Relations, ch. 5

J. Markusen, et al. International Trade: Theory and Evidence, chs. 1,5, 8,14

M. Weber and D. Rigby, The Golden Age Illusion, ch. 7

C. Global Money and Finance (10/1)(with Don Roper, Economics)

R. Gilpin, The Political Economy of International Relations, chs. 4 and 8.

S. Sassen, The Global City, ch 4

P. Krugman

D. Roper, (South China Morning Star) (Sydney Morning Herald)

D. Transnational Culture and Technology (10/8)(O’Loughlin)

D. Elkins, Beyond Sovereignty, Ch 1

P. Dickens, Global Shift, ch. 4

F. Fukuyama, "Social Capital and the Global Economy," Foreign Affairs, 1995, 74(5):89-103.

R. Sclove, Democracy and Technology, chs. 3, 4, 6

5. Globalization and the Nation State: Is the Nation State Obsolete? (10/15)(O'Loughlin)

P. Dicken, "Transnational Corporations and Nation States," International Social Science Journal, 1997, vol 49, no. 1.

P. Hirst and G. Thompson, "Globalization and the Future of the Nation State," Economy and Society, 1995, 24:408-442.

K. Ohmae, The End of the Nation State (review)

S. Sassen Losing Control

P.J. Taylor, The Way the World Works, Chs. 4-6

Part II: Democracy and Democratization

1. Procedural and Substantive/Alternative Conceptions of Democracy (10/22)(Staeheli)

E. Laclau and B. Mouffe, Hegemony and Socialist Strategy

R. Dahl, Democracy and its Critics.

2. Citizenship, Social Capital and Civil Society (10/29) (Bell)

R.D. Putnam (1995) Bowling alone: America's declining social capital

Journal of Democracy 6, 65-78.

Brehm, J. and Rahn W. (1997) Individual-level evidence for the causes and

consequences of social capital. American Journal of Political Science

41(3), 999-1023.

Levi, M. (1996) Introduction (to special issue on Putnam's Making

Democracy Work) Journal of Democracy 24(1), 5-6.

Levi, M. (1996) Social and unsocial capital: a review essay of Robert

Putnam's 'Making Democracy Work' Journal of Democracy 24(1), 45-55.

3. Measuring Democracy (11/5)(O'Loughlin)

M. Alvearez, et. al., "Classifying Political Regimes," Studies in Comparative International Development (Summer, 1996), 31:3-36

K. Bollen, "Liberal Democracy: Validity and method in factors in cross- National measures," American Journal of Political Science (1993) 37:1207-1230.

K. Bollen and R. Jackman, "Democracy, stability and dichotomies," American Sociological Review (1989), 54:438-57.

K. Gleiditsch and M. Ward, "Double Take: A Reexamination of Democracy and Autocracy in Modern Politics," Journal of Conflict Resolution (June, 1997), 41:361-82.

4. The Democratization Process (11/12)(Scarritt)

S. Haggard and R. Kaufman, The Political Economy of Democratic Transitions

S. Huntington, The Third Wave

K. Jaggers and T. Gurr, "Tracking Democracy’s Third Wave," Journal of Peace Research (1995), 32:469-83.

T. Power and M. Gasiorowski, "Institutional Design and Democratic Consolidation in the Third World," Comparative Political Studies (1997), 30:123-55.

A. Przeworski and F. Limongi, "Modernization: Theories and Facts," World Politics, 1997, 49:155-183.

K. Remmer, "The Sustainability of Political Democracy: Lessons from South America," Comparative Political Studies (1996), 29:611-34.

D.C. Shin, "On the Third Wave of Democratization: A Synthesis and Evaluation of Recent Theory and Research," World Politics (1994), 47:135-170.

5. The Democratization Process in post-Communist countries (11/19)(Kubicek)

B. Crawford and A. Lijphart "Explaining political and economic change in post-Communist Eastern Europe" Comparative Political Studies July 1995

V. Tismaneanu "The Leninist debris or waiting for Peron." East European Politics and Society Fall 1996.

L. Shevtsova and S. Bruckner "Toward stability or crisis?" Journal of Democracy January 1997.

P. Schmitter and T.L.Karl "The conceptual travels of transitologists and consolidologists: How far east should they attempt to go?" Slavic Review Spring 1994.

V. Bunce "Should transitologists be grounded?" Slavic Review Spring 1995.

M.S. Fish "The determinants of economic reform in the post-Communist world." East European Politics and Society Winter 1998

6. The Diffusion of Democracy (12/4) (O'Loughlin)

S. Huntington, The Third Wave.

D.C. Chin, "On the third wave of democratization: a synthesis and evaluation of recent research and theory" World Politics 47 (1994) 135-70

J. O'Loughlin, M. Ward et al, "The Spatial and Temporal Diffusion of Democracy, 1815-1994." Annals, Association of American Geographers, 88, 4, December 1998.

D.Reutschmeyer and J. Stephens, 1997,"The Paradox of Contemporary Democracy" Comparative Politics, 29:323-342.

W. Robinson, "Globalization, the world system, and democracy promotion in US foreign policy," Theory and Society, 1996, 25:615-665.

Part III. Writing period: Literature review (12/11)(O'Loughlin, Kubicek)

We will concentrate on how to develop a systematic literature review using examples by two current CU faculty members:

S. Chan, "Grasping the Peace Dividend: Some Propositions on the Conversion of Swords into Plowshares," Mershon International Studies Review, 1995, 39:53-96.

E.S. Greenberg, Workplace Democracy, ch. 3.