where there is a disjunction
between what we were trying to do and
what we, in fact, achieve.
Irony often involves our unintended creation of the very event
we were trying not to create, for example, during
the Cold War we tried to prevent war by being
prepared to "fight and win" the very war we
were trying to prevent.
dramatic or literary work depicting a
protagonist--hero--who struggles for a moral
cause only to face ruin or profound unhappiness
in the end.
use of irony, derision, or wit to attack,
challenge, and ridicule a perspective or idea..
In his book, The
Irony of American History,
Reinhold Niebuhr defined the irony of American history
in this way: