Women's Efforts in the 1870s to gain the right to vote in the United States
1869 December 10: The first woman suffrage law in U.S. passed in the territory of Wyoming.
1869 In disagreement over the 15th Amendment, Anthony and Stanton withdraw from the Equal Rights Association to found the National Woman Suffrage Association. Its wide-ranging goals include achieving a federal amendment for the woman's vote.
1870 The 15th Amendment receives final ratification. By its text, women are not specifically excluded from the vote. During the next two years, approximately 150 women will attempt to vote in almost a dozen different jurisdictions from Delaware to California, including the Grimke sisters in Boston, Sojourner Truth in Battle Creek, MI, and Matilda Joselyn Gage in New York. Even in South Carolina, a few black women, protected by Reconstruction officials, cast ballots.
1872 November 5: Susan B. Anthony and fourteen women register and vote in the presidential election to test whether the recently adopted Fourteenth Amendment can be interpreted as protecting women's rights. Anthony is arrested, tried, found guilty, and fined $100, which she refuses to pay.1873 Bradwell v. Illinois: Supreme Court affirms that states can restrict women from the practice of any profession to preserve family harmony and uphold the law of the Creator.
1875 Minor v. Happersett: Supreme Court refuses to extend the 14th amendment protection to women's rights, denying voting rights to women.1878 The Susan B. Anthony Amendment, to grant women the vote, is first introduced in the U.S. Congress.